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Table 1 Activities of Daily Living (ADL) recorded in post-acute care among head and neck cancer patients (n = 144,012)

From: Estimating health state utility from activities of daily living in the French National Hospital Discharge Database: a feasibility study with head and neck cancer

ADLActions assessedSeverity levelan (%)
1. Dressing or bathing2Dressing of the upper bodyIndependence71,810 (49.86)
Dressing of the lower body (including shoes)Supervision23,073 (16.02)
2Bathing of the upper body (including shaving or grooming)Partial dependence22,521 (15.64)
Bathing of the lower body (including genital area)Total dependence26,608 (18.48)
2. Functional mobility (transferring)5Moving in and out of bed or chairIndependence71,523 (49.66)
Moving in and out of bathtub or showerSupervision26,499 (18.40)
Getting on and off the toiletPartial dependence19,173 (13.31)
Walking or using wheelchairTotal dependence26,817 (18.62)
If walking, climbing and descending staircase 
3. Self-feeding3Using kitchen utensilsIndependence43,057 (29.90)
ChewingSupervision31,600 (21.94)
SwallowingPartial dependence26,139 (18.15)
Total dependence43,216 (30.01)
4. Continence2Exercising complete self-control over urinationIndependence90,564 (62.89)
Supervision20,039 (13.91)
Exercising complete self-control over defecationPartial dependence12,472 (8.66)
Total dependence20,937 (14.54)
5. Social interaction1Social functioningIndependence73,436 (50.99)
Supervision42,415 (29.45)
Partial dependence18,109 (12.57)
Total dependence10,052 (6.98)
6. Communication2Understanding audio or visual communicationIndependence70,230 (48.77)
Supervision41,073 (28.52)
Using verbal or nonverbal communicationPartial dependence20,314 (14.11)
Total dependence12,395 (8.61)
  1. aIndependence: does not need from a third party; Supervision: needs help from a third party without physical intervention; Partial dependence: third party necessary to complete at least one action; Total dependence: third party necessary to complete at least one action