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Table 5 Comparison of the PIDAQ item scale scores according to orthodontic treatment need

From: Validity and reliability of the Persian version of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire

  Demand for orthodontic treatment Do not Demand for orthodontic treatment  
Total mean score Total mean score P-value
Female Male P-value Female Male P-value  
Dental self-confidence 12.01 ± 5.21 8.54 ± 5.12 0.00**
11.57 ± 3.40 12.03 ± 4.01 0.412 9.15 ± 5.53 7.99 ± 4.98 0.021*  
Social impact 14.11 ± 4.15   12.57 ± 3.76   0.00 **
14.12 ± 4.91 15.03 ± 3.85 0.451 12.54 ± 4.70 10.03 ± 6.41 0.11*  
Psychological impact 12.43 ± 4.18 9.82 ± 5.91 0.00 **
12.91 ± 4.40 12.11 ± 4.74 0.812 10.21 ± 4.65 9.61 ± 5.77 0.737  
Aesthetic Concern 7.21 ± 3.52 5.01 ± 4.32 0.00 **
6.74 ± 3.41 7.47 ± 3.81 0.321 5.64 ± 3.55 4.86 ± 4.17 0.892  
  1. *P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01