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Table 1 Sample characteristics and sex differences in study variables

From: Individual differences and health in chronic pain: are sex-differences relevant?

  Women
n = 292
Men
n = 173
t d
Age 59.85 (14.30) 56.08 (15.78) 2.58 0.25
Pain characteristics
 Pain intensity 7.96 (1.59) 7.35 (1.78) 3.70* 0.36
 Pain interference 8.18 (1.62) 7.88 (1.78) 1.86 0.18
Health status
 Physical functioning 30.55 (23.78) 37.40 (24.56) − 2.96 0.28
 General health 34.19 (19.42) 37.25 (19.97) −1.63 0.16
 Mental health 47.63 (21.05) 55.07 (20.93) −3.69* 0.35
Personality
 Neuroticism 25.33 (8.87) 23.54 (9.09) 2.09 0.20
 Extraversion 26.59 (8.11) 25.71 (7.84) 1.15 0.11
 Openness 22.95 (6.75) 23.67 (6.72) −1.11 0.11
 Agreeableness 32.24 (5.91) 31.30 (6.29) 1.61 0.15
 Conscientiousness 31.24 (7.39) 30.96 (6.93) 0.40 0.04
Coping
 Positive orientation 9.46 (3.85) 10.06 (3.93) −1.62 0.15
 Negative orientation 8.07 (4.55) 6.94 (4.95) 2.60 0.24
 Rational style 9.11 (4.06) 10.34 (4.24) −3.11 0.30
 Impulsive style 5.80 (4.31) 6.11 (4.41) −0.75 0.07
 Avoidant style 3.40 (4.04) 3.98 (4.24) −1.46 0.14
Beliefs
 Demanding 17.50 (3.80) 17.06 (3.72) 1.22 0.12
 Catastrophizing 12.18 (6.27) 11.36 (6.06) 1.38 0.13
 Frustration intolerance 12.51 (5.72) 12.02 (5.65) 0.90 0.09
 Self-downing 6.87 (5.57) 6.13 (5.06) 1.43 0.14