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Table 3 The rank prevalence of 19 self-reported chronic diseases and most prevalent related pairs of chronic diseases with a percentage > 4% in the sample population

From: The association between multimorbidity and health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional survey among community middle-aged and elderly residents in southern China

Type of single disease Sample,n (%) 95% CI Rank Pairs of diseasesb Sample,n (%) 95% CI
Hypertension 5052 (27.9) 27.2,28.5 1 HT + DM 841 (4.6) 4.3,4.9
Chronic pain 1827 (10.1) 9.6,10.5 2 HT + BD 712 (3.9) 3.6,4.2
Bone disease 1821 (10.0) 9.6,10.5 3 HT + CP 663 (3.7) 3.4,3.9
Diabetes mellitus 1361 (7.5) 7.1,7.9 4 HT + DL 628 (3.5) 3.2,3.7
Dyslipidemia 1084 (6.0) 5.6,6.3 5 CP + BD 498 (2.8) 2.5,3.0
Gastroenteritis 782 (4.3) 4.0,4.6 6 HT + GT 417 (2.3) 2.1,2.5
Gout 775 (4.3) 4.0,4.6 7 DM + DL 231 (1.3) 1.1,1.4
Coronary disease 449 (2.5) 2.3,2.7 8 HT + GE 216 (1.2) 1.0,1.4
Stroke 426 (2.4) 2.1,2.6 9 CP + DL 209 (1.2) 1.0,1.3
Peripheral vascular disease 411 (2.3) 2.1,2.5 10 BD + DL 208 (1.2) 1.0,1.3
Spleen and gallbladder diseases 255 (1.4) 1.2,1.6 11 CP + GE 205 (1.1) 1.0,1.3
COPDa 187 (1.0) 0.9,1.2 12 BD + DM 180 (1.0) 0.9,1.1
Chronic kidney disease 125 (0.7) 0.6,0.8 13 BD + GE 165 (0.9) 0.8,1.1
Cancer 104 (0.6) 0.5,0.7 14 BD + GT 153 (0.8) 0.7,1.0
Multiple sclerosis 52 (0.3) 0.2,0.4 15 DL + GT 146 (0.8) 0.7,0.9
Dementia 45 (0.3) 0.2,0.3 16 CP + DM 144 (0.8) 0.7,0.9
Anxiety 37 (0.2) 0.1,0.3 17 CP + GT 128 (0.7) 0.5,0.8
Depression 27 (0.2) 0.1,0.2 18 DM + GT 87 (0.5) 0.4,0.6
Phthisis 22 (0.1) 0.1,0.2 19 DL + GE 79 (0.4) 0.3,0.5
  1. CI Confidence interval, HT Hypertension, CP Chronic pain, BD Bone diseases, DM Diabetes mellitus, DL Dyslipidemia, GE Gastroenteritis, GT Gout
  2. a COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  3. b All pairs have significantly correlation (P < 0.05)