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Table 2 Comparisons of proportions of having problems and EQ-5D index average score

From: The association between multimorbidity and health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional survey among community middle-aged and elderly residents in southern China

Variables Mobility proportion
% (95% CI)
Self-care proportion
% (95% CI)
Activity proportion
% (95% CI)
Pain/Discomfort
Proportion
% (95% CI)
Anxiety/Depression proportion
% (95% CI)
Index score, mean (95% CI)
Total 10.7 (10.2,11.1) 7.8 (7.4,8.2) 9.0 (8.6,9.4) 13.8 (13.3,14.3) 5.1 (4.8,5.4) 0.945 (0.943,0.947)
Age group
 45~54 1.6 (1.2,1.9) 1.3 (1.0,1.6) 1.5 (1.2,1.8) 5.0 (4.4,5.5) 2.5 (2.1,2.9) 0.986 (0.984,0.987)
 55~64 5.5 (4.9,6.1) * 3.4 (3.0,3.9) * 4.2 (3.7,4.8) * 10.3 (9.5,11.1) * 3.8 (3.3,4.4) * 0.968 (0.965,0.971) *
 65~74 13.8 (12.8,14.8) * 9.5 (8.65,10.3) * 11.5 (10.6,12.4) * 18.4 (17.3,19.5) * 6.0 (5.3,6.6) * 0.932 (0.927,0.936) *
 75~ 40.7 (38.7,42.8) * 32.2 (30.2,34.1) * 34.9 (32.9,36.9) * 36.0 (34.0,38.0) * 13.2 (11.8,14.6) * 0.814 (0.804,0.823) *
Gender
 Male 9.5 (8.8,10.1) 7.0 (6.5,7.6) 8.1 (7.5,8.62) 11.8 (11.1,12.4) 4.4 (4.0,4.9) 0.952 (0.949,0.954)
 Female 11.8 (11.1,12.4) * 8.5 (8.0,9.1) * 9.8 (9.2,10.4) * 15.7 (14.9,16.4) * 5.7 (5.3,6.2) * 0.940 (0.937,0.943) *
Marital status
 Single 27.0 (25.1,28.8) 20.6 (18.9,22.3) 22.7 (21.0,24.5) 28.4 (26.5,30.2) 10.6 (9.3,11.9) 0.871 (0.862,0.880)
 Married 8.5 (8.0,8.9) * 6.1 (5.7,6.45) * 7.1 (6.7,7.5) * 11.8 (11.3,12.3) * 4.4 (4.0,4.7) * 0.956 (0.954,0.958) *
Education level
 Primary school or lower 11.6 (11.1,12.1) 8.5 (8.09,8.96) 9.7 (9.3,10.2) 14.9 (14.3,15.4) 5.4 (5.1,5.8) 0.941 (0.939,0.943)
 Middle school 4.1 (3.1,5.0) * 3.0 (2.2,3.8) * 3.7 (2.8,4.6) * 7.2 (6.0,8.4) * 3.0 (2.2,3.8) * 0.976 (0.972,0.980) *
 High school or above 4.6 (2.9,6.3) * 3.6 (2.1,5.1) * 4.1 (2.5,5.7) * 5.4 (3.6,7.2) * 3.3 (1.9,4.7) * 0.975 (0.967,0.983) *
Employment status
 Unemployed 15.7 (15.0,16.4) 11.6 (11.0,12.2) 13.3 (12.6,13.9) 18.5 (17.8,19.2) 6.7 (6.3,7.2) 0.923 (0.920,0.926)
 Employed 2.4 (2.1,2.8) * 1.6 (1.3,1.9) * 1.9 (1.6,2.2) * 6.1 (5.5,6.7) * 2.4 (2.1,2.8) * 0.983 (0.981,0.985) *
Number of chronic diseases,
 0 4.4 (4.0,4.8) 3.1 (2.8,3.5) 3.5 (3.2,3.9) 5.7 (5.2,6.2) 2.5 (2.2,2.8) 0.977 (0.975,0.979)
 1 11.79 (10.9,12.7) * 8.8 (8.0,9.6) * 10.0 (9.2,10.8) * 16.0 (15.0,17.0) * 5.6 (4.9,6.2) * 0.939 (0.935,0.943) *
 2 20.1 (18.5,21.7) * 15.0 (13.5,16.4) * 16.6 (15.1,18.1) * 26.2 (24.4,28.0) * 28.2 (25.2,31.1) * 0.900 (0.893,0.907) *
 3 28.2 (25.2,31.1) * 20.8 (18.1,23.4) * 24.4 (21.6,27.2) * 34.2 (31.1,37.3) * 13.5 (11.2,15.7) * 0.860 (0.846,0.873) *
  > =4 39.2 (35.1,43.4) * 28.1 (24.3,31.9) * 35.3 (31.3,39.4) * 46.7 (42.4,50.9) * 18.4 (15.1,21.7) * 0.799 (0.779,0.819) *
  1. CI Confidence interval
  2. The first category of each demographic variable was selected as reference to do univariate logistic regression or univariate Tobit regression
  3. *p < 0.05