Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Multilevel regression estimates for models with overweight respondents (Model 1), motorized travellers (Model 2), and the Logarithm of time spent on physical exercise (Model 3), as dependent variables

From: Exploring the links between population density, lifestyle, and being overweight: secondary data analyses of middle-aged and older Chinese adults

Variable DV: Overweight DV: Motorized traveller DV: Logarithm of time spent on physical exercise
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) B (SE)
Fixed part
Independent variable
 Logarithm of neighbourhood population density 1.103*** (1.056–1.153) 1.421*** (1.260–1.604) −0.066*** (0.017)
Individual-level attributes
 Male (ref: female) 0.885 (0.742–1.056) 0.734* (0.532–1.013) 0.142*** (0.042)
 Age 0.972*** (0.965–0.979) 0.965*** (0.949–0.982) −0.024** (0.002)
 Married (ref: single, divorced, or widowed) 1.231** (1.004–1.509) 1.403 (0.870–2.262) 0.109** (0.052)
Educational attainment (ref: ≤ primary school)
 Junior high school 1.152* (0.987–1.343) 2.410*** (1.747–3.326) −0.114*** (0.041)
 ≥ Senior high school 1.338*** (1.096–1.633) 8.339*** (5.831–11.926) −0.093 (0.060)
 Living in an urban area (ref: rural) 1.620*** (1.363–1.926) 1.509** (1.012–2.250) −0.225*** (0.073)
 Having meals ≤ three times a day (ref: meals > three times a day) 1.093 (0.889–1.345) 1.327 (0.823–2.139) 0.275*** (0.063)
 Smoker (ref: non-smoker) 0.753*** (0.639–0.889) 1.195 (0.832–1.717) 0.002 (0.039)
 Drinking (ref: non-drinker) 0.863** (0.748–0.997) 1.009 (0.742–1.370) 0.128*** (0.038)
 Having medical insurance (ref: no) 0.944 (0.748–1.192) 1.274 (0.773–2.100) 0.206*** (0.070)
 Having a physical disease (ref: no) 1.747*** (1.535–1.988) 1.224 (0.937–1.600) 0.017 (0.034)
 Logarithm of household income per capita 1.004 (0.979–1.030) 1.062** (1.005–1.121) 0.032*** (0.009)
Neighbourhood-level attributes
 Logarithm of neighbourhood income per capita 0.992 (0.960–1.024) 1.015 (0.938–1.099) 0.023 (0.015)
 Neighbourhood sports facilities (ref: no) 0.788* (0.610–1.019) 1.832** (0.966–3.475) −0.039 (0.105)
 Neighbourhood sports groups (ref: no) 1.089 (0.851–1.393) 0.659 (0.359–1.213) 0.054 (0.097)
 Constant 1.167* (0.617–2.209) 0.003*** (0.001–0.016) 3.857*** (0.236)
Random part
 Variable (constant) 0.178*** 1.345*** 0.259***
 Variable (residual)    1.150***
 Number of individuals 5285 5285 5285
 Number of neighbourhoods 405 405 405
 AIC 6759.609 2482.315 16,295.660
 Log likelihood − 3361.8045 − 1223.1574 − 8128.8277
  1. Note. DV dependent variable, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, B unstandardized coefficient, SE standard error, AIC Akaike information criterion. *p < .10, **p < .05, ***p < .01