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Table 3 NEI VFQ-25 visual functioning scale scores and socioemotional scale scores by categories of vision impairment of the better-seeing eye only in the German population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), 2007–2012

From: Vision-related quality of life considering both eyes: results from the German population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS)

Visual impairment of the better-seeing eye visual functioning scale score (VFS) socioemotional scale score (SES)
No VI (n = 11,846) 89.6 (81.3/95.1) 100 (94.6/100)
Mild VI (n = 69) 70.2 (57.6/78.0) 88.4 (67.9/97.1)
Moderate/severe VI (n = 26) 63.2 (46.6/78.7) 76.3 (68.0/93.9)
  1. Scores displayed as medians (interquartile range); VI Vision impairment; no VI: < 0.32 logMAR, mild VI: 0.32–0.5 logMAR; moderate/severe VI: > 0.5 logMAR