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Table 4 Associations between performing individual versus team sports and HRQOL-dimensions for sports club members (n = 1603)

From: Sports participation and health-related quality of life in children: results of a cross-sectional study

  Adjusted analysesa Adjusted analysesb
Bc p 95% CI Bc p 95% CI
Physical domain
 Physical wellbeing Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.50 0.37 −0.60; 1.61 − 0.06 0.92 −1.16; 1.05
Individual as well as team sports 1.76 0.13 0.37; 3.14 − 0.56 0.48 −2.09; 0.98
Psychological domain
 Psychological wellbeing Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.67 0.21 −0.38; 1.72 0.46 0.39 −0.60; 1.52
Individual as well as team sports 0.81 0.23 −0.51; 2.13 −0.08 0.93 −1.54; 1.41
 Moods and emotions Individual sports Reference group    
Team sports −0.20 0.75 −1.41; 1.02 −0.16 0.80 −1.39; 1.07
Individual as well as team sports −0.46 0.56 −1.99; 1.07 −0.30 0.73 −2.02; 1.41
 Self-perception Individual sports Reference group    
Team sports −0.61 0.26 −1.68; 0.46 − 0.61 0.27 − 1.69; 0.47
Individual as well as team sports 0.37 0.59 −0.98; 1.71 0.39 0.61 −1.11; 1.90
Social domain
 Autonomy Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.23 0.66 −0.79; 1.26 0.21 0.70 −0.83; 1.24
Individual as well as team sports −0.09 0.89 −1.38; 1.19 −0.21 0.78 −1.65; 1.24
 Parents and homelife Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.53 0.30 −0.46; 1.52 0.30 0.55 −0.69; 1.30
Individual as well as team sports 0.44 0.49 −0.80; 1.69 −0.48 0.50 −1.87; 0.92
 Social support and peers Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.80 0.13 −0.25; 1.86 0.65 0.23 −0.41; 1.72
Individual as well as team sports 1.08 0.11 −0.24; 2.40 0.44 0.56 −1.04; 1.93
 Social acceptance (bullying) Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.98 0.11 −0.23; 2.19 0.99 0.11 −0.24; 2.21
Individual as well as team sports 0.89 0.25 −0.63; 2.41 0.91 0.30 −0.79; 2.62
 School environment Individual sports Reference group
Team sports −0.59 0.26 −1.62; 0.44 −0.78 0.14 − 1.82; 0.26
Individual as well as team sports 0.41 0.54 −0.89; 1.70 −0.39 0.60 −1.84; 1.06
 Financial resources Individual sports Reference group
Team sports 0.58 0.26 −0.43; 1.60 0.35 0.51 −0.68; 1.37
Individual as well as team sports 0.81 0.21 −0.47; 2.09 −0.18 0.81 −1.61; 1.25
  1. aAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, SES, and household composition; bAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, SES, household composition and frequency of sports participation; cUnstandardized regression coefficient