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Table 3 Associations between frequency of sports participation and HRQOL-dimensions for sports club members (n = 1603)

From: Sports participation and health-related quality of life in children: results of a cross-sectional study

  Crude analyses Adjusted analysesa
Bb pc 95% CI Bb pc 95% CI
Physical domain
 Physical wellbeing High sports-active Reference group
  Moderate sports-active −0.79 0.17 −1.92; 0.34 −0.90 0.11 −2.01; 0.21
  Low sports-active −3.91 < 0.001 −5.06; − 2.77 −3.52 < 0.001 −4.65; − 2.39
Psychological domain
 Psychological wellbeing High sports-active Reference group    
Moderate sports-active −0.54 0.32 −1.61; 0.53 − 0.58 0.28 − 1.64; 0.48
Low sports-active −1.67 0.003 −2.74; −0.59 −1.48 0.01 −2.57; −0.40
 Moods and emotions High sports-active Reference group
Moderate sports-active 0.56 0.37 −0.68; 1.80 0.47 0.45 −0.76; 1.71
Low sports-active −0.34 0.60 −1.59; 0.92 −0.16 0.81 −1.42; 1.10
 Self-perception High sports-active Reference group
Moderate sports-active 0.62 0.28 −0.50; 1.74 0.36 0.52 −0.73; 1.45
Low sports-active −0.21 0.72 −1.34; 0.92 0.28 0.63 −0.83; 1.38
Social domain
 Autonomy High sports-active Reference group
Moderate sports-active 0.05 0.92 −0.99; 1.10 −0.06 0.92 −1.10; 0.99
Low sports-active −0.21 0.69 −1.26; 0.84 0.01 0.99 −1.05; 1.06
 Parent relations and home life High sports-active Reference group    
Moderate sports-active −0.73 0.16 −1.74; 0.28 −0.78 0.13 −1.78; 0.22
Low sports-active −1.57 0.003 −2.60; −0.55 −1.54 0.003 −2.57; −0.52
 Social support and peers High sports-active Reference group    
Moderate sports-active −0.82 0.14 −1.89; 0.25 −0.75 0.17 −1.82; 0.32
Low sports-active −0.85 0.12 −1.94; 0.22 −0.77 0.16 −1.86; 0.31
 Social acceptance (bullying) High sports-active Reference group
Moderate sports-active 0.89 0.16 −0.34; 2.11 1.02 0.10 −0.21; 2.24
Low sports-active −0.32 0.62 −1.56; 0.92 −0.45 0.49 −1.70; 0.81
 School environment High sports-active Reference group
Moderate sports-active −0.61 0.26 −1.66; 0.44 −0.37 0.49 −1.41; 0.67
Low sports-active −0.70 0.20 −1.77; 0.37 −1.15 0.03 −2.22; − 0.09
 Financial resources High sports-active Reference group
Moderate sports-active −0.68 0.21 −1.72; 0.35 −0.59 0.26 −1.62; 0.44
Low sports-active −1.33 0.01 −2.38; −0.29 −1.24 0.02 −2.29; − 0.18
  1. aAdjusted for gender, age, BMI, SES, and household composition; bUnstandardized regression coefficient; cp-values in bold indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05)