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Table 1 Sociodemographic, clinical, and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) baseline descriptive statistics

From: Responsiveness and minimal clinically important difference of the Minnesota living with heart failure questionnaire

Parameter Responders
n = 1211
Non-responders
n = 1354
p value
N (%) N (%)
Age, mean (SD), years 75.92 (10.33) 78.45 (9.96) < 0.0001
Gender, women 563 (46.49) 711 (52.51) 0.002
BMI, kg/m2
 BMI < 25 110 (20.60) 124 (20.36) 0.812
 25 ≤ BMI < 30 203 (30.01) 223 (36.62)
 30 ≤ BMI < 35 141 (26.40) 158 (25.94)
 BMI ≥ 35 80 (14.98) 104 (17.08)
Smoking history
 No 595 (56.67) 637 (59.64) 0.380
 Ex 365 (34.76) 345 (32.30)
 Yes 90 (8.57) 86 (8.05)
Left ventricular ejection fraction
 ≤ 45% 462 (42.15) 426 (36.35) 0.005
 > 45% 634 (57.85) 746 (63.65)
NYHA classification at discharge
 I 62 (5.12) 30 (2.22) < 0.0001
 II 707 (58.38) 643 (47.49)
 III 425 (35.09) 649 (47.93)
 IV 17 (1.40) 32 (2.36)
Charlson comorbidity index
 0 94 (7.76) 92 (6.79) 0.047
 1 283 (23.37) 270 (19.94)
 2 323 (26.67) 367 (27.10)
 3 275 (22.71) 304 (22.45)
 > 3 236 (19.49) 321 (23.71)
MLHFQ baseline scores, mean (SD)
 Physical subscale 26.14 (9.66) 28.42 (8.36) < 0.0001
 Emotional subscale 11.73 (7.18) 12.99 (7.32) < 0.0001
 Total scale 55.45 (23.66) 59.73 (21.62) < 0.0001
  1. Data are expressed as frequency (percentage) unless otherwise stated. Percentages exclude patients with missing data
  2. SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index, NYHA New York Heart Association
  3. MLHFQ physical subscale scores range from 0 to 40, emotional subscale scores from 0 to 25 and total scores from 0 to 105, with higher scores indicating worse health status