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Table 5 Linear regression for LTCQ (dependent variable) and self-efficacy (measured by the Self-efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale) controlled for disease burden and demographics (p < 0.001, adjusted R2 = 0.78)

From: Self-efficacy and health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study of primary care patients with multi-morbidity

Variables Standardized Coefficients t 95% Confidence interval p
Lower Upper
(Constant)   19.07 32.64 7.48 < 0.001
Self-efficacy 0.71 5.78 6.63 28.55 < 0.001
Disease burden −0.11 −0.29 −0.12 −4.63 < 0.001
Gender 0.00 −1.62 1.58 −0.02 0.98
Age 0.08 0.05 0.20 3.18 0.002
Separated/divorced −0.01 −2.63 1.99 −0.27 0.79
Widowed −0.03 − 4.05 0.50 −1.53 0.13
Single −0.04 −6.31 −0.57 −2.35 0.02
Retired 0.01 −1.66 2.51 0.40 0.69
Permanently sick/disabled −0.07 −8.06 −2.25 −3.49 0.001
Other occupation −0.004 −3.29 2.72 −0.19 0.85
GP practice IMD quintile −0.04 −1.10 −0.05 −2.13 0.03
Mental health condition (yes/no) −0.06 −4.51 −0.88 −2.92 0.004
Hospital admission for long-term chronic condition −0.01 −2.84 1.54 −0.58 0.56
  1. IMD Index of multiple deprivation