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Table 3 Linear regression for EQ-5D-5L (dependent variable) and self-efficacy (measured by the Self-efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale) controlled for disease burden and demographics (p < 0.001, adjusted R2 = 0.70)

From: Self-efficacy and health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study of primary care patients with multi-morbidity

Variables Standardized Coefficients t 95% Confidence interval p
Lower Upper
(Constant)   0.29 0.48 7.62 < 0.001
Self-efficacy 0.54 0.06 0.07 19.33 < 0.001
Disease burden − 0.24 − 0.01 − 0.004 − 9.05 < 0.001
Gender − 0.02 − 0.03 0.01 − 0.88 0.38
Age 0.05 0.00 0.002 1.83 0.07
Separated or divorced −0.02 − 0.05 0.02 − 0.85 0.40
Widowed −0.01 −0.04 0.03 −0.39 0.70
Single 0.01 − 0.03 0.05 0.42 0.67
Retired −0.08 −0.08 − 0.01 −2.89 0.004
Permanently sick/disabled − 0.19 − 0.21 − 0.12 −7.62 < 0.001
Other occupation 0.01 −0.03 0.06 0.50 0.62
GP practice IMD quintile −0.03 −0.01 0.002 −1.58 0.12
Mental health condition (yes/no) −0.02 − 0.04 0.02 − 0.63 0.53
Hospital admission for long-term chronic conditon −0.05 −0.08 − 0.01 −2.67 0.008
  1. IMD Index of multiple deprivation