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Table 2 Prevalence of each long-term chronic condition and mean self-efficacy (and standard deviation (SD)) by presence or absence of each condition

From: Self-efficacy and health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study of primary care patients with multi-morbidity

Condition Participants with the condition Self-efficacy
  n % n Mean SD p
Hypertension a Yes 435 51.3 431 6.78 2.60 0.27
No 413 48.7 406 6.59 2.47
Problems with vision a Yes 396 46.7 392 7.07 2.50 < 0.001
No 452 53.3 445 6.26 2.52
Overweight a Yes 379 44.7 377 6.14 2.36 < 0.001
No 469 55.3 460 7.14 2.36
Back pain or sciatica a Yes 334 39.4 329 5.53 2.45 < 0.001
No 514 60.6 508 7.44 2.30
Depression a Yes 326 38.4 325 5.24 2.43 < 0.001
No 522 61.6 512 7.61 2.15
Problems with hearing a Yes 320 37.7 317 6.41 2.58 0.014
No 528 62.3 520 6.86 2.52
Circulation problems in legs a Yes 307 36.2 301 5.69 2.47 < 0.001
No 541 63.8 536 7.25 2.41
Cholesterol a Yes 285 45.4 381 6.60 2.65 0.35
No 463 54.6 456 6.76 2.44
Diabetes a Yes 251 29.6 248 6.98 2.75 0.035
No 597 70.4 589 6.57 2.49
Stomach problems a Yes 244 28.8 241 5.79 2.45 < 0.001
No 604 71.2 596 7.05 2.55
Osteoarthritis a Yes 234 27.6 231 5.96 2.52 < 0.001
No 614 72.4 606 6.97 2.49
Colon problems a Yes 225 26.5 224 5.78 2.58 < 0.001
No 623 73.5 613 7.02 2.44
Heart disease a Yes 222 26.2 217 6.57 2.54 0.41
No 626 73.8 620 6.73 2.54
Asthma a Yes 164 80.6 161 5.80 2.65 < 0.001
No 684 19.3 676 6.90 2.68
COPD a Yes 146 17.2 144 5.99 2.57 < 0.001
No 702 82.8 693 6.84 2.51
Rheumatoid arthritis a Yes 134 15.8 133 5.66 2.48 < 0.001
No 714 84.2 704 6.88 2.50
Cancer a Yes 130 15.3 129 6.67 2.57 0.91
No 718 87.6 708 6.69 2.54
Stroke a Yes 122 14.4 115 6.32 2.50 0.093
No 726 85.6 722 6.75 2.54
Thyroid problems a Yes 119 14.0 116 6.06 2.62 0.004
No 729 86.0 721 6.79 2.51
Osteoporosis a Yes 105 12.4 231 5.96 2.52 < 0.001
No 743 87.6 606 6.99 2.49
Rheumatic disease a Yes 78 9.2 78 4.89 2.67 < 0.001
No 770 15.8 759 6.88 2.45
Congestive heart failure a Yes 67 7.9 67 5.93 2.43 0.011
No 781 92.1 770 6.76 2.54
Multiple sclerosis b Yes 37 4.4 37 5.30 2.53 0.001
No 811 95.6 800 6.75 2.52
Bipolar disorder b Yes 30 3.5 30 5.10 2.44 < 0.001
No 818 96.5 807 6.75 2.53
Psychosis or Schizophrenia b Yes 29 3.4 29 4.99 2.49 < 0.001
No 819 96.6 808 6.75 2.52
Other neurological c Yes 24 2.8 24 5.41 2.04 0.012
No 824 97.2 813 6.73 2.54
Other mental health c Yes 10 1.2 10 4.42 2.61 0.004
No 838 98.8 827 6.71 2.53
Other 1 Yes 171 20.2     
No 677 79.8     
Other 2 Yes 42 5.0     
No 806 95.0     
Other 3 Yes 8 0.9     
No 840 99.1     
  1. aOne of the 21 conditions listed in the original DBIS (plus space to add additional ‘other’ conditions)
  2. bAdded for this study
  3. cComputed for this study from responses written in ‘other’
  4. NB. Self-efficacy was measured by the Self-efficacy for managing Chronic Disease Scale (score range 1–10, with higher scores indicating better self-efficacy)