Skip to main content

Table 2 Differences between low and high groups on demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Patient reported barriers are associated with low physical and mental well-being in patients with co-morbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease

Measure Physical health status Mental health status
*Low scores (N = 158) High Scores (N = 26) P-value *Low scores (N = 94) High Scores (N = 90) P-value
Age (years), mean (SD) 66.9 (11.2) 66.3 (9.5) 0.79 65.5 (11.5) 68.5 (10.2) 0.02
Gender
 Male, n (%) 172 (68.3) 28 (69.6) 0.05 110 (69.2) 90 (71.4) 0.68
 Female, n (%) 80 (31.7) 5 (30.4)   49 (30.8) 36 (28.6)  
Socioeconomic status, n (%)
 Lower 51 (20.2) 8 (24.2) 0.97 37 (23.3) 22 (17.4) 0.65
 Upper lower 51 (20.2) 7 (21.2)   33 (20.8) 25 (19.8)  
 Lower middle 47 (18.7) 6 (18.2)   29 (18.2) 24 (19.0)  
 Upper middle 54 (21.4) 7 (21.2)   34 (21.4) 27 (21.4)  
 Upper 49 (19.4) 5 (15.2)   26 (16.4) 28 (22.2)  
Language, n (%)
 English speaking 189 (75.9) 31 (94.0) 0.02 117 (74.1) 103 (83.1) 0.08
 Non-English speaking 60 (24.1) 2 (6.0)   41 (25.9) 21 (16.9)  
Smoking status, n (%)
 Yes 15 (8.1) 1 (3.8) 0.70 13 (11.3) 3 (3.1) 0.04
 No 170 (91.9) 25 (96.2)   102 (88.7) 93 (96.9)  
Diabetes type, n (%)
 Type 1 25 (9.9) 3 (9.1) 1.00 17 (10.7) 11 (8.7) 0.71
 Type 2 219 (86.9) 29 (87.9)   136 (85.5) 112 (88.9)  
 Other 8 (3.2) 1 (3.0)   6 (3.8) 3 (2.4)  
Diabetes duration (years), median (IQR) 17 (0–57) 19 (1–34) 0.68 16 (0–53) 20 (1–57) 0.13
CKD stages, n (%)
 3a 52 (20.6) 12 (36.4) 0.03 33 (20.8) 31 (24.6) 0.27
 3b 62 (24.6) 11 (33.3)   37 (23.3) 36 (28.6)  
 4 68 (27.0) 3 (9.1)   39 (24.5) 32 (25.4)  
 5 70 (27.8) 7 (21.1)   50 (31.4) 27 (21.4)  
  1. *Scores were defined as low for both physical and mental well-being if they were lower than the general population mean (μ = 50 and SD)