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Table 2 Quality of life measures by socio-demographic characteristics in cancer patients in Malaysia (n = 1620)

From: Determinants of quality of life among Malaysian cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

Socio-demographic Physical health Psychological health Social relationships Environment
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Age (year)
 < 45 65.43 ± 16.50 58.88 ± 21.28 58.13 ± 24.27 64.86 ± 17.10
 45–54 66.72 ± 18.91 67.13 ± 20.24 61.78 ± 24.76 66.42 ± 19.43
 55–64 65.65 ± 20.30 59.54 ± 18.16 58.39 ± 23.17 63.83 ± 20.09
 > 65 62.06 ± 21.54 58.51 ± 18.21 57.06 ± 23.55 60.82 ± 22.11
 Statistics F = 4.86, p < 0.002* F = 14.47, p < 0.001* F = 2.54, p < 0.06 F = 5.72, p < 0.001*
Gender
 Male 63.85 ± 20.73 61.33 ± 18.32 58.37 ± 23.38 63.22 ± 20.82
 Female 64.88 ± 19.74 59.63 ± 19.85 58.48 ± 24.07 63.30 ± 20.28
 Statistics t = −1.01, p < 0.31 t = 1.76, p < 0.79 t = −0.09, p < 0.92 t = −0.07, p < 0.94
Race
 Malay 65.97 ± 18.22 61.29 ± 18.48 60.03 ± 25.25 64.72 ± 20.60
 Chinese 66.56 ± 20.75 62.28 ± 18.88 60.27 ± 22.75 65.22 ± 18.44
 Indian 52.39 ± 24.60 52.31 ± 21.92 46.81 ± 22.86 50.17 ± 25.64
 Other 62.92 ± 16.70 52.69 ± 11.60 41.07 ± 16.74 62.92 ± 16.70
 Statistics F = 28.02, p < 0.001* F = 14.57, p < 0.001* F = 21.33, p < 0.001* F = 32.15, p < 0.001*
Religion
 Muslim 65.99 ± 18.22 61.30 ± 18.48 59.92 ± 25.30 64.66 ± 20.60
 Buddhist 66.50 ± 20.75 62.23 ± 18.88 60.31 ± 22.73 65.24 ± 18.43
 Hindu 52.39 ± 24.60 52.31 ± 21.92 46.81 ± 22.86 50.17 ± 25.64
 Christian 62.92 ± 16.70 52.69 ± 11.60 41.07 ± 16.74 62.92 ± 16.70
 Statistics F = 28.00, p < 0.000* F = 14.54, p < 0.000* F = 21.35, p < 0.000* F = 32.17, p < 0.000*
Marital status
 Married 64.83 ± 19.77 60.71 ± 19.10 57.70 ± 23.05 63.81 ± 20.19
 Single 65.69 ± 16.65 59.55 ± 22.36 57.57 ± 26.61 65.47 ± 16.42
 Divorce/widow 62.97 ± 22.08 59.60 ± 18.61 60.74 ± 24.83 61.11 ± 22.22
 Statistics F = 1.46, p < 0.23 F = 0.59, p < 0.55 F = 2.45, p < 0.08 F = 3.21, p < 0.051
Education level
 No formal education 61.33 ± 19.25 58.25 ± 17.33 59.65 ± 22.13 60.03 ± 19.76
 Diploma & Less 65.44 ± 20.92 61.31 ± 19.37 58.66 ± 23.88 64.25 ± 21.23
 University level 65.08 ± 18.63 60.02 ± 20.64 56.36 ± 25.20 64.11 ± 18.80
 Statistics F = 5.69, p < 0.003* F = 3.40, p < 0.033* F = 1.74, p < 0.17 F = 5.95, p < 0.003*
Family Income (MYR)©
 No income 65.13 ± 19.30 61.52 ± 18.38 61.37 ± 22.00 64.12 ± 19.20
 < 1500 MYR 65.02 ± 18.00 59.01 ± 18.24 54.13 ± 24.70 63.84 ± 18.19
 1501–3500 MYR 63.06 ± 22.35 61.52 ± 19.95 60.04 ± 23.28 62.00 ± 23.42
 > 3501 MYR 64.40 ± 20.68 58.02 ± 20.38 54.93 ± 25.66 62.80 ± 20.83
 Statistics F = 0.95, p < 0.41 F = 3.32, p < 0.019* F = 9.33, p < 0.001* F = 0.99, p < 0.39
Working status
 Yes 66.41 ± 20.99 61.89 ± 19.89 60.34 ± 24.47 65.18 ± 21.43
 No 65.16 ± 19.31 61.59 ± 18.38 61.37 ± 22.00 64.13 ± 19.21
 Retired 58.87 ± 18.92 54.85 ± 18.26 49.00 ± 23.03 57.57 ± 19.79
 Statistics F = 16.44, p < 0.001* F = 17.16, p < 0.001* F = 33.74, p < 0.001* F = 16.48, p < 0.001*
Family history of cancer
 Yes 64.78 ± 19.82 61.61 ± 17.49 59.55 ± 23.37 63.60 ± 20.00
 No 64.14 ± 20.48 59.29 ± 20.54 57.47 ± 24.09 62.97 ± 20.94
 Statistics t = 0.64, p < 0.52 t = 2.43, p < 0.06 t = 1.75, p < 0.08 t = 0.61, p < 0.53
Total 64.44 ± 20.18 60.36 ± 26 58.43 ± 23.77 63.26 ± 20.51
  1. © 1USD = 4 MYR; *Significant at p < 0.05