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Table 4 BEBQ Appetite Trait Scores at Day 42a

From: Health-related quality of life, temperament, and eating behavior among formula-fed infants in the Philippines: a pilot study

BEBQ Subscaleb Male (N = 20) Female (N = 19) Total (N = 39) Cronbach’s α
Enjoyment of Foodc (4 items) 0.73
 Median (IQR)d 4.75 (4.38, 5.08) 4.75 (4.50, 5.00) 4.75 (4.50, 5.00)  
 Mean ± SD 4.61 ± 0.51 4.57 ± 0.70 4.59 ± 0.60
Food Responsiveness (6 items) 0.77
 Median (IQR) 3.58 (3.17, 4.25) 3.50 (3.00, 4.00) 3.50 (3.0, 4.17)  
 Mean ± SD 3.60 ± 0.81 3.45 ± 0.82 3.53 ± 0.81
Slowness in Eatingc (4 items) 0.48
 Median (IQR) 1.50 (1.13, 2.13) 1.75 (1.25, 2.25) 1.75 (1.25, 2.25)  
 Mean ± SD 1.65 ± 0.58 1.78 ± 0.62 1.71 ± 0.60
Satiety Responsiveness (3 items) 0.25
 Median (IQR) 2.33 (1.83, 3.50) 2.33 (2.33, 3.00) 2.33 (2.00, 3.00)  
 Mean ± SD 2.48 ± 0.958 2.53 ± 0.405 2.50 ± 0.733
General Appetitec (1 item) NAe
 Median (IQR) 5.00 (4.50, 5.00) 5.00 (5.00, 5.00) 5.00 (5.00, 5.00)  
 Mean ± SD 4.75 ± 0.44 4.68 ± 0.82 4.72 ± 0.65
  1. aHigher scores indicate stronger expression of the specific appetite trait
  2. bMann Whitney U Test was used for between sex comparisons, no significant differences found, P > 0.05;
  3. cScales were non-normally distributed, mean ± SD shown for comparisons with other study populations;
  4. dIQR: Inter-quartile Range (Q1, Q3);
  5. eNA, not applicable; Cronbach’s α cannot be calculated for single items