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Table 3 Comparison of work capabilities between workers with MS and workers from the general population

From: The capability set for work – correlates of sustainable employability in workers with multiple sclerosis

  Workers with MS (N = 163) General working population (N = 163) Test statistics
Work capabilities % Mean Median IQR Min-max % Mean Median IQR Min-max X2 U p
i. Use of knowledge and skills in your work
 A. Importance   4.6 5.0 1 3–5   4.3 4.0 1 2–5   9823.0 < 0.001*
 B. Opportunities   4.4 4.0 1 2–5   3.8 4.0 0 1–5   22062.0 < 0.001*
 C. Able to achieve   4.3 4.0 1 1–5   3.9 4.0 1 1–5   23190.0 < 0.001*
 Included in capability set (in %) 85%      67%      14.9   < 0.001*
ii. Development of knowledge and skills in your work
 A. Importance   4.2 4.0 1 1–5   4.1 4.0 1 1–5   11637.5 0.42
 B. Opportunities   3.9 4.0 0 1–5   3.5 4.0 1 1–5   9802.5 < 0.001*
 C. Able to achieve   3.7 4.0 1 1–5   3.4 4.0 1 1–5   11511.0 0.33
 Included in capability set (in %) 57%      49%      2.6   0.11
iii. Involvement in important decisions
 A. Importance   4.3 4.0 1 2–5   3.8 4.0 0 1–5   9066.5 < 0.001*
 B. Opportunities   3.9 4.0 2 2–5   3.3 3.0 1 1–5   8654.5 < 0.001*
 C. Able to achieve   3.8 4.0 1 2–5   3.3 3.0 1 1–5   9136.5 < 0.001*
 Included in capability set (in %) 61%      39%      15.9   < 0.001*
iv. Building and maintaining meaningful contacts at work
 A. Importance   4.4 4.0 1 1–5   4.1 4.0 1 2–5   10541.5 < 0.001*
 B. Opportunities   4.2 4.0 1 1–5   3.9 4.0 0 1–5   10433.0 < 0.001*
 C. Able to achieve   4.1 4.0 1 1–5   3.8 4.0 1 2–5   10759.0 0.001*
 Included in capability set (in %) 82%      68%      8.7   0.003
v. Setting your own goals in your work
 A. Importance   4.1 4.0 1 2–5   3.9 4.0 1 1–5   10734.0 0.005
 B. Opportunities   3.9 4.0 1 2–5   3.6 4.0 1 1–5   10827.0 0.007
 C. Able to achieve   3.8 4.0 1 2–5   3.6 4.0 1 1–5   11152.0 0.03
 Included in capability set (in %) 63%      54%      2.5   0.11
vi. Having a good income
 A. Importance   4.1 4.0 1 1–5   4.0 4.0 0 2–5   12105.0 0.41
 B. Opportunities   3.9 4.0 1 2–5   3.3 3.0 1 1–5   8276.5 < 0.001*
 C. Able to achieve   3.8 4.0 1 2–5   3.2 3.0 1 1–5   8092.0 < 0.001*
 Included in capability set (in %) 62%      39%      16.7   < 0.001*
vii. Contributing to something valuable in your work
 A. Importance   4.3 4.0 1 3–5   4.0 4.0 1 1–5   9733.5 < 0.001*
 B. Opportunities   4.1 4.0 1 2–5   3.6 4.0 1 1–5   8467.5 < 0.001*
 C. Able to achieve   3.9 4.0 2 2–5   3.6 4.0 1 1–5   9660.0 < 0.001*
 Included in capability set (in %) 71%      54%      9.1   0.002*
Capability set   4.8 5.0 3 0–7   3.7 4.0 4 0–7   9649.0 < 0.001*
Overall item: Altogether, I think I have sufficient opportunities to continue to work.   4.3 4.0 1 2–5   3.8 4.0 0 1–5   8476.0 < 0.001*
  1. Note: IQR Inter Quartile Range. Although all data are non-parametric, mean scores are displayed to further clarify the distribution of the data
  2. *Bonferroni corrected p values ≤ 0.002 were considered significant