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Table 1 Demographic, self-rated health, work ability and work functioning findings in workers with MS and workers from the general population

From: The capability set for work – correlates of sustainable employability in workers with multiple sclerosis

  Workers with MS (N = 163) General working population (N = 163) Test statistics
  % Mean Median IQR Min - max % Mean Median IQR Min-Max X2 U p
Gender (female) (in %) 77.3%      76.7%      0.17   0.89
 Age   42.5 43.0 15.0 24–64   42.5 44.0 16.0 19–67   13163.0 0.89
Educational level            3.07   0.22
 Low (%) 14.1%      14.7%        
 Medium (%) 41.7%      50.3%        
 High (%) 44.2%      35.0%        
Self-rated health (scale 1–5)a   2.9 3.0 1.0 1–5   3.4 3.0 1.0 2–5   9091.0 < 0.001*
Number of work hours per week   29.1 30.0 17.0 6–60   29.9 30.0 16.0 5–60   12520.5 0.37
Work ability (scale 0–10)a   7.1 8.0 2.0 0–10   7.7 8.0 2.0 0–10   10590.5 0.006*
Work Functioning Physical (scale 0–100)a   77.4 90.0 35.6 0–100   89.9 100.0 15.0 25–100   4250.0 0.001*
Work Functioning Flexibility (scale 0–100)a   75.3 85.0 25.0 0–100   81.3 87.5 20.8 16.7–100   10425.0 0.46
  1. Note: IQR Inter Quartile Range. Although all data are non-parametric, mean scores are displayed to further clarify the distribution of the data
  2. aHigher scores indicate better self-rated health, work ability, and work functioning
  3. *Bonferroni corrected p values ≤ 0.006 were considered significant