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Table 5 Risk factors associated with psychological violence among GPs and general nurses in township hospitals in Heilongjiang province (binary logistic regression model results)

From: Psychological violence against general practitioners and nurses in Chinese township hospitals: incidence and implications

Characteristics   Psychological violence (n = 333)
  Univariate analysis logistic regression(initial model) logistic regression(final model)
   Yes No X 2 p ORs 95% CIs p ORs 95% CIs p
   n % n %         
Gender Male 200 45.25 242 54.75 0.000 0.995 1.00 Reference     
Female 180 45.23 218 54.77    0.809 (0.586,1.116) 0.379   
Age < 35 73 51.41 69 48.59 9.922 0.007 1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference  
35–45 156 36.97 266 63.03    0.423 (0.280, 0.639) < 0.001 0.473 (0.283, 0.832) 0.006
> 45 104 37.68 172 62.32    0.484 (0.313, 0.750) 0.001 0.544 (0.333, 0.956) 0.009
Years of experiences < 10 49 41.53 69 58.47 1.160 0.560 1.00 Reference     
10–20 147 37.69 243 62.31    0.640 (0.380,1.079) 0.094   
> 20 137 41.27 195 58.73    0.445 (0.024–8.187) 0.498   
Education Postgraduate 4 50.00 4 50.00 14.057 0.003 1.00 Reference     
Undergraduate 135 35.71 243 64.29    0.645 (0.146,2.848) 0.562   
College 158 45.14 192 54.86    1.136 (0.260,4.969) 0.866   
Technical secondary school education and below 28 26.92 76 73.08    0.708 (0.156,3.215) 0.655   
Occupation General Practitioner 156 35.29 286 64.71 7.373 0.007 1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference  
General nurse 177 44.47 221 55.53    1.787 (1.330, 2.402) 0.001 1.832 (1.520, 2.603) 0.001
Professional title Senior 102 58.62 72 41.38 33.033 < 0.001 1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference  
Intermediate/Junior/No title 231 34.68 435 65.32    0.632 (0.541, 0.739) < 0.001 0.680 (0.571, 0.810) < 0.001
Work in shifts Yes 169 43.90 216 56.10 5.374 0.020 1.00 Reference   1.00 Reference  
No 164 36.04 291 63.96    0.613 (0.455,0.826) 0.001 0.675 (0.506,0.901) 0.008