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Table 6 Adaptations to the MSPSS and outcome measures per study

From: A systematic review of the psychometric properties of the cross-cultural translations and adaptations of the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale (MSPSS)

Language (s) esponse options Modification Mode of administration Statistical analyses Secondary outcome measures
      Measure 1 Measure 2 Measure 3
Arabic 3 Special person changed to Husband Interviewer administered CFA Seeking Social Support, Problem Solving, Blaming Self and Avoidance Scales - Revised Ways of Coping Checklist (RWCCL) Emotional distress- Profile of Mood States (POMS) Daily Hassles Scale (DHS)
Arabic 7 None Not stated EFA Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Arabic-ERQ) Satisfaction with Life Scale (Arabic-SWLS)  
Chichewa (n = 269) & Chiyao (n = 314) 5 Questions changed to second person pronouns self-administered & interviewer administered 1. EFA
2. CFA
Depression – Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) Depression – Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) Depression – Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)
Creole 7 none Self-administered Parametric & non-parametric tests Perceived Adequacy of Resource Scale (PARS)   
French 7 None Not stated CFA Depression – Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)   
Hausa 7 Terms changed to culturally acceptable equivalents Interviewer administered Qualitative    
Hausa 7 None Not stated CFA    
Hausa 7 None Not stated Regression Disability- modified Rankin Scale   
Simplified Chinese 4 Not clearly stated Self-administered EFA Psychological symptomatology – GHQ 30 Social networks- Lubben Social Network Scale  
Simplified Chinese 5 None Self-administered CFA    
Korean 7 Significant other replaced by “spouse/partner” Not stated EFA Perceived social support- Personal Resource Questionnaire −2 (PRQ) Self-efficacy- Self -efficacy for Diabetes Scale Depression- Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CEDS)
Luganda 5 use of facial cues Interviewer administered EFA    
Malay 7 Not clearly stated Self-administered EFA Social support - Medical Outcome Survey (MOS) Depression- BDI Mental health- General Health Questionnaire
Persian 7 Not clearly stated Not stated EFA    
Polish 7 None Self-administered 1. EFA
2. CFA
Loneliness- The Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults-Short Form (SELSA-S) The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
Portuguese 6 None Self-administered CFA Depression – Beck Depression Inventory Fertility- Fertility Problem Inventory  
Simplified Chinese 7 None Self-administered EFA Social support - Medical Outcome Survey (MOS) Depression - BDI Mental health- General Health Questionnaire
Spanish 7 None Self-administered EFA None None none
Swedish 7 None Self-administered EFA    
Tamil 7 None Self-administered EFA Social support - Medical Outcome Survey (MOS) Depression – Beck Depression Inventory Mental health- General Health Questionnaire
Thai 7 None Self-administered 1.EFA
2.CFA
Anxiety- The Sate Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Self-esteem-The Roseburg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) Depression- Thai Depression Scale (TDS)
Traditional Chinese 7 Not clearly stated Interviewer administered 1. EFA
2. CFA
   
Turkish 7 None Not stated EFA Depression – Beck Depression Inventory The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)  
Urdu 7 None Interviewer administered EFA Mental distress- Self Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20) Depression - EPDS  
  1. EFA exploratory factor analysis, CFA confirmatory factor analysis