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Table 4 Multiple linear regression model for correlates of SF-36 MCS score

From: Sex differences in relationships between metabolic syndrome components and factors associated with health-related quality of life in middle-aged adults living in the community: a cross-sectional study in Taiwan

Covariates Total Males Females
  Beta P value Beta P value Beta P value
Demographics
 Sex (male vs. female) 0.702 0.079
 Age (year) 0.056 0.069 0.073 0.124 0.028 0.49
 Education level
  Illiterate/elementary school Reference   Reference   Reference  
  High school −2.59 0.042 −5.761 0.043 −1.727 0.231
  University and above −2.315 0.069 −4.778 0.091 −1.901 0.183
 Marital status (married vs. others) 0.789 0.094 2.837 0.001 −0.058 0.918
No. of component of metabolic syndrome 0.121 0.369 −0.023 0.903 0.269 0.156
Physical activity level
  Low Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Moderate −0.286 0.444 −0.611 0.302 −0.08 0.868
  High −0.769 0.098 −1.06 0.149 −0.335 0.578
Personal habits
 Smoking
   Current smoker vs. non-smoker −1.394 0.009 −0.939 0.132 −2.322 0.019
   Ex-smoker vs. non-smoker 0.614 0.402 0.800 0.327 0.776 0.63
 Alcohol consumption (yes vs. no) −1.173 0.02 −1.293 0.03 −0.784 0.401