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Table 4 Estimated beta coefficient, standard errors and 95 level of significance for eight health sub-scales among women in Accra, 2008

From: Women’s health status in urban Ghana: dimensions and differentials using short form 36

Indicators PF RP BP GH SF VT RE MH
β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE) β (SE)
Constant 93.60(1.5) 87.39(3.0) 84.21(1.7) 77.94(1.6) 93.84(1.6) 78.17(1.2) 89.99(2.8) 78.07(1.2)
Age group (20-29 omitted)
 30 -39 −2.55(0.8) −0.14(2.0) −1.36(1.2) −3.15(0.9) − 2.84(1.0) − 2.77(0.8) − 3.84(2.0) n/s
 40 -49 −4.28(1.0) − 2.57(2.3) − 2.90(1.4) −6.74(1.0) −2.48(1.2) − 3.66(0.9) −5.13(2.3) n/s
 50 -59 − 14.54(1.4) −10.28(2.8) − 4.26(1.6) −9.47(1.3) − 4.37(1.4) −7.11(1.1) − 3.02(2.6) n/s
 60+ − 30.95(1.3) −19.47(2.6) − 11.95(1.6) − 16.19(1.6) −11.06(1.4) − 10.22(1.0) − 4.46(2.6) n/s
Education (no education omitted)
 Primary 4.35(1.2) 5.19(2.9) −0.96(1.5) 1.67(1.3) −0.06(1.3) 0.45(1.0) 0.90(2.5) −0.23(1.0)
 JHS 4.41(1.0) 6.58(2.7) 3.70(1.3) 3.40(1.1) 2.46(1.1) 1.69(0.8) 3.06(2.1) 2.69(0.9)
 Secondary or higher 5.50(1.3) 9.82(2.7) 5.43(1.5) 4.21(1.2) 3.01(1.3) 2.33(1.0) 4.90(2.4) 3.80(1.0)
Ethnicity (Ga-Dangme omitted)
 Akan 2.11(0.8) n/s n/a 3.30(1.0) −0.82(0.8) ǂ −0.79(0.6) n/a n/s
 Ewe 2.03(1.0) n/s n/a 2.60(1.4) 0.13(1.1) ǂ −1.86(0.8) n/a n/s
 Other 0.45(1.0) n/s n/a 1.76(1.7) 0.80(1.1) ǂ −1.48(0.8) n/a n/s
Wealth status (Poorest omitted)
 Poorer 1.11(0.9) n/a −1.59(1.4) ǂ 1.09(1.2) 1.32(1.1) 0.06(0.8) 2.71(2.0) ǂ 1.27(0.8)
 Middle 0.97(0.9) n/a −1.19(1.5) ǂ 2.54(1.2) 0.90(1.1) 1.53(0.8) 1.31(2.1) ǂ 2.22(0.9)
 Richer 0.17(1.2) n/a −2.14(1.5) ǂ 2.37(1.4) 1.46(1.1) 2.46(0.9) 3.13(2.1) ǂ 4.22(0.9)
 Richest 0.52(1.1) n/a 0.25(1.5) ǂ 4.28(1.5) 1.71(1.2) 2.16(0.9) 3.69(2.3) ǂ 4.39(1.0)
Disease symptom (no symptom omitted)
 Single −3.61(0.8) −4.54(1.6) −8.56(1.0) −4.24(1.1) −1.33(0.9) −3.67(0.7) −4.98(1.7) −2.30(0.7)
 Multiple −9.57(0.9) −20.54(1.8) −19.82(1.1) −10.36(1.2) − 8.19(1.0) −9.25(0.5) − 18.58(1.5) − 8.60(0.6)
BMI status (healthy-weight omitted)
 Underweight −2.66(2.1) n/s n/a n/s n/s n/s n/a n/s
 Overweight −0.83(0.8) n/s n/a n/s n/s n/s n/a n/s
 Obese −4.09(0.7) n/s n/a n/s n/s n/s n/a n/s
Social network (good omitted)
 Poor −4.15(0.8) −12.57(2.1) −8.77(1.2) −8.91(1.0) −14.3(1.2) −6.00(0.6) − 14.77(1.5) −5.24(0.6)
Adjusted R2 40.7% 16.0% 24.3% 25.1% 19.2% 22.1% 10.4% 14.1%
N 2758 2808 2805 2808 2809 2808 2807 2809
  1. Abbreviations: JHS Junior High School; Note: n/s Not significant at p < 0.05, Omitted Reference category, n/a Not application. Details of the significance are shown in Table 5
  2. ǂ Significant at p < 0.1