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Table 5 Estimated impact of the occurrence of parents’ need for care on women’s K6 scores mediated by their behaviora

From: Impact of parents’ need for care on middle-aged women’s lifestyle and psychological distress: evidence from a nationwide longitudinal survey in Japan

  Coefficient 95% CIb Proportion (%) 95% CIb
Parents (n = 15,972)
Mediated by:
 Caregiving 0.139 (0.058, 0.217) 37.7 (15.6, 68.2)
 Coresidence 0.001 (−0.004, 0.006) 0.3 (−1.0, 1.8)
 Work 0.001 (−0.001, 0.003) 0.2 (−0.4, 0.9)
 Total 0.140 (0.061, 0.219) 38.1 (16.1, 68.5)
Unmediated 0.228 (0.088, 0.368) 61.9 (31.5, 83.9)
Total 0.368 (0.249, 0.487) 100.0  
Parents-in-law (n = 10,887)
Mediated by:
 Caregiving 0.162 (0.085, 0.239) 44.0 (22.2, 75.4)
 Coresidence 0.001 (−0.002, 0.004) 0.1 (−0.4, 1.0)
 Work 0.005 (−0.000, 0.011) 1.0 (−0.1, 2.5)
 Total 0.210 (0.113, 0.309) 45.1 (23.1, 76.7)
Unmediated 0.255 (0.085, 0.428) 54.9 (23.3, 76.9)
Total 0.465 (0.323, 0.608) 100.0  
  1. aAdjusted for age, educational attainment, having a spouse, household expenditure, coresidence, and work in the previous year in all models
  2. bBootstrap-estimated with 3000 replications