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Table 1 Demographic, Disease, and Surgical Characteristics of Patients With CDH at Birth (n = 45)

From: Health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Value
Prenatal diagnosis, n (%) 12 (26.7)
Male sex, n (%) 29 (64.4)
Gestational age, mean (SD), weeks 38.7 (2)
Birth weight, mean (SD), kg 3.11 (0.53)
Apgar score at 5 min, mean (SD) 7.8 (2.2)
Probability of survival, n (%)
 High (67%–100%) 31 (68.9)
 Intermediate (34%–66%) 12 (26.7)
 Low (0%–33%) 2 (4.4)
CDH side, n (%)a
 Left 39 (86.7)
 Right 6 (13.3)
Duration of hospitalization, median (IQR), days 28 (18–57)
Congenital anomalies, n (%) 25 (55.6)
 Cardiovascularb 7 (15.6)
 Renalc 4 (8.9)
 Gastrointestinald 4 (8.9)
 Skeletale 7 (15.6)
 Otherf 3 (6.7)
  1. CDH Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, IQR Interquartile range, SD Standard deviation
  2. a Seven patients with left-sided CDH were “liver up”; all 6 patients with right-sided CDH were “liver up”
  3. b Includes patent foramen ovale (n = 1), atrial septal defect II (n = 3), and patent ductus arteriosus (n = 3)
  4. c Includes hydronephrosis (n = 2), multicystic kidney (n = 1), and hypoplastic kidney (n = 1)
  5. d Includes accessory spleen (n = 2) and Meckel diverticulum (n = 2)
  6. e Includes foot deformities (n = 3) and abnormal number of ribs (n = 4)
  7. f Includes macroglossia (n = 1), neck fistula (n = 1), and preauricular tag (n = 1)