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Table 3 Descriptives of the RAS-R items and summary scales in the valid sample (n = 228)

From: Validation of the 24-item recovery assessment scale-revised (RAS-R) in the Norwegian language and context: a multi-centre study

Item Mean SD Range 95% CI
1. I have a desire to succeed 4.6 0.62 1–5 4.56; 4.72
2. I have my own plan for how to stay or become well 3.9 0.92 1–5 3.80; 4.05
3. I have goals in life that I want to reach 4.2 0.90 1–5 4.08; 4.32
4. I believe that I can meet my current personal goals 3.7 0.98 1–5 3.59; 3.85
5. I have a purpose in life 3.8 0.94 1–5 3.72; 3.97
6. Even when I don’t care about myself, other people do 4.1 0.83 1–5 4.0; 4.21
7. Fear doesn’t stop me from living the way I want to 3.1 1.30 1–5 2.90; 3.25
8. I can handle what happens in my life 3.3 1.02 1–5 3.20; 3.47
9. I like myself 3.2 1.20 1–5 2.99; 3.31
10. If people really knew me, they would like me 3.7 0.84 1–5 3.60; 3.82
11. I have an idea of who I want to become 3.5 1.05 1–5 3.40; 3.67
12. Something good will eventually happen 4.0 0.81 1–5 3.93; 4.14
13. I’m hopeful about my future 3.9 0.99 1–5 3.72; 3.97
14. I continue to have new interests 3.7 1.09 1–5 3.57; 3.86
15. Coping with my mental illness is no longer the main focus of my life 3.1 1.23 1–5 2.98; 3.30
16. My symptoms interfere less and less with my life 3.4 1.20 1–5 3,25; 3.54
17. My symptoms seem to be a problem for shorter periods of time each time they occur 3.5 1.13 1–5 3.32; 3.61
18. I know when to ask for help 3.9 1.06 1–5 3.78; 4.05
19. I am willing to ask for help 4.1 0.92 1–5 4.01; 4.25
20. I ask for help when I need it 3.8 1.08 1–5 3.68; 3.96
21. I can handle stress 3.0 1.14 1–5 2.88; 3.18
22. I have people I can count on 4.3 0.78 1–5 4.18; 4.38
23. Even when I don’t believe in myself, other people do 4.0 0.87 1–5 3.88; 4.10
24. It is important to have a variety of friends 3.5 1.40 1–5 3.31; 3.67
Summary scales     
Personal confidence and hope (mean of items 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 & 21) 3.5 0.68 1.67–5 3.40; 3.58
Willingness to ask for help (mean of items 18, 19 & 20) 4.0 0.89 1–5 3.84; 4.07
Goal and success orientation (mean of items 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5) 4.1 0.63 1.4–5 3.99; 4.15
Reliance on others (mean of items 6, 22, 23 & 24) 4.0 0.68 2–5 3.88; 4.06
Not dominated by symptoms (mean of items 15, 16 & 17) 3.3 0.95 1–5 3.21; 3.45
Total scale (mean of items) 3.7 0.56 1.92–5 3.66; 3.80
Total scale (sum of items) 89.5 13.39 46–120 87.75; 91.24
  1. M means, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval