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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample retained for analyses N = 969

From: The prospective and concurrent effect of exercise on health related quality of life in older adults over a 3 year period

  Baseline Follow-up
Variables Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Health related quality of life
(− 0.594, worst HR-QOL to 1, best HR-QOL)
0.81 0.19 0.70 0.11
# Times a week exercising for more than 20 min 3.86 4.19 4.00 4.76
  N % N %
Sex
 Males 429 44% 429 44%
 Females 540 56% 540 56%
Age
 65 – 74 years 657 68% 504 52%
  ≥ 75 years 312 32% 465 48%
Marital status
 Married 635 66% 619 64%
 Not Married 334 34% 350 36%
Education
 Primary level 79 8% 106 11%
 High School and post-secondary 890 92% 863 89%
Yearly Household Income
  < 55,000$ 957 99% 947 98%
  ≥ 55,000$ 12 1% 22 2%
Area of residence
 High social or material deprivation 403 42% 558 58%
 Low/Medium social or material deprivation 566 58% 411 42%
Current smoker
 No 901 93% 909 94%
 Yes 68 7% 60 6%
At least one alcoholic drink, ≥ twice a week, every week in last 6 months
 No 616 64% 662 68%
 Yes 353 36% 307 32%
# of chronic physical disorders
 0-2 322 33% 319 33%
  ≥ 3 647 67% 650 67%
Depression
 No 914 94% 943 97%
 Yes 55 6% 26 3%
Social support
 0-2 120 12% 135 14%
 3 849 88% 834 86%
Number of Daily Hassles
 0-4 536 55% 468 48%
 4+ 433 45% 501 52%