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Table 1 Description of the participants with scores of numerical pain rating scale and global rating of change

From: Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the Nepali versions of numerical pain rating scale and global rating of change

Variables Frequency (%) Mean (SD)
Age in years   41.2 (13.5)
Sex
 Male 32 (31%)  
 Female 72 (69%)  
 Total 104 (100%)  
Ethnicity
 Newar 34 (33%)  
 Brahmin 23 (22%)  
 Chettri 16 (15%)  
 Others 31 (30%)  
Education
 No school 41 (39%)  
 Primary 11 (11%)  
 Secondary 17 (16%)  
 Higher secondary 16 (15%)  
 Bachelor and above 19 (18%)  
Occupation
 Agriculture and house work 28 (27%)  
 House work only 22 (21%)  
 Agriculture only 8 (8%)  
 Sitting job (Office/ business) 8 (8%)  
 No work 6 (6%)  
 Others 32 (31%)  
Site of pain
 Low back pain 48 (46%)  
 Knee pain 21 (20%)  
 Shoulder pain 13 (13%)  
 Neck 9 (9%)  
 Elbow pain 5 (5%)  
 Others 8 (8%)  
Total duration of pain (in months)   21.7 (34)
Time between evaluations (in days)   11.5 (3.5)
GROC-NP at follow-up
 Worsened (GROC <4) 4 (4%)  
 Stable group (GROC = 4) 36 (35%)  
 Improved group (GROC = 5–7) 64 (61%)  
 Small improvement (GROC = 5) 30 (29%)  
 Medium improvement (GROC = 6) 23 (22%)  
 Large improvement (GROC = 7) 11 (11%)  
NPRS scores
 NPRS-NP baseline 104 4.27 (1.63)
 NPRS-NP follow-up 104 3.36 (1.56)
 NPRS-NP change 104 0.90 (1.49)
  1. Abbreviations: GROC-NP Nepali version of global rating of change, NPRS-NP Nepali version of numerical pain rating scale, SD standard deviation