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Table 2 Multivariable linear regression of effects of home-based long-term care service use on self-rated health among caregivers stratified by caregiver age

From: Effects of home-based long-term care services on caregiver health according to age

Variables Caregivers aged less than 65
n = 460
Caregivers aged 65 or older
n = 138
β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Family caregivers
 Relationship with care recipient
  Spouse Reference
  Son 0.226 (−0.146, 0.597)
  Daughter 0.209 (−0.155, 0.572)
  Daughter-in-law 0.538 (0.129, 0.948)*
  Others a 0.203 (−0.366, 0.772)
 Job
  Yes Reference Reference
  No 0.203 (−0.22, 0.429) 0.671 (0.044, 1.299)*
 Household monthly income (NTD) b
   < 30,000 Reference
  30,000–69,999 0.078 (−0.246, 0.402)
   ≥ 70,000 0.266 (−0.076, 0.609)
 Family income spent on caring for the care recipient (%)
  20 or below Reference Reference
  21–40 −0.172 (−0.439, 0.095) 0.031 (−0.455, 0.518)
  41–60 −0.057 (−0.349, 0.236) −0.455 (−0.939, 0.029)
  61–80 −0.135 (−0.610, 0.341) −0.060 (−0.671, 0.552)
  81–100 −0.361 (−0.782, 0.060) −0.948 (−1.534, −0.361)**
 Caregiving period (years)
Care recipients
 Number of family members living with care recipient
  0 Reference
  1–3 0.016 (−0.320, 0.352)
  4 or more −0.044 (−0.384, 0.296)
 SRH 0.127 (0.018, 0.236)* 0.222 (0.038, 0.406)*
Use of home-based services
 Home nursing care −0.229 (−0.447, −0.010)* 0.499 (0.146, 0.852)**
 Home rehabilitation −0.265 (−0.513, −0.016)*
 Home respite care −0.413 (−0.722, −0.105)**
 Home service 0.048 (−0.174, 0.270)
  1. a Others: son-in-law, grandchild, brother, sister, etc. b 30,000 NTD equals approximately 1000 USD. CI confidence interval, SRH self-rated health. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01