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Table 3 Changes in body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness measurements following 12-week walking programs

From: Benefits of different intensity of aerobic exercise in modulating body composition among obese young adults: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Variables HITG (n = 12) MITG (n = 12) LITG (n = 12) CG (n = 12) P-value Tukey’s post hoc test
Body weight (kg) −6.73 ± 0.67 −4.97 ± 0.46 −2.93 ± 0.19 0.74 ± 0.46 < 0.0001 HITG, MITG > LITG > CG
BMI (kg/m2) −2.34 ± 0.24 −1.70 ± 0.13 −1.04 ± 0.06 0.26 ± 0.16 < 0.0001 HITG > MITG > LITG > CG
WC (cm) −9.38 ± 0.74 −7.92 ± 0.69 −5.25 ± 0.23 0.46 ± 0.42 < 0.0001 HITG, MITG > LITG > CG
HC (cm) −0.96 ± 0.26 −1.33 ± 0.55 −1.38 ± 0.64 0.83 ± 0.73 0.028 MITG, LITG > CG
WHR −0.08 ± 0.01 −0.06 ± 0.01 −0.04 ± 0.004 −0.002 ± 0.004 < 0.0001 HITG, MITG > LITG > CG
WHtR −0.06 ± 0.004 −0.05 ± 0.004 −0.03 ± 0.001 0.003 ± 0.002 < 0.0001 HITG, MITG > LITG > CG
Percent body fat (%) −3.97 ± 0.28 −2.91 ± 0.25 −1.70 ± 0.14 0.23 ± 0.24 < 0.0001 HITG > MITG > LITG > CG
Fat mass (kg) −5.44 ± 0.49 −4.35 ± 0.23 −2.62 ± 0.22 0.45 ± 0.21 < 0.0001 HITG, MITG > LITG > CG
Fat-free mass (kg) −1.29 ± 0.42 −0.61 ± 0.49 −0.31 ± 0.15 0.29 ± 0.42 0.050 HITG > CG
CEI 7.42 ± 0.34 4.88 ± 0.28 3.19 ± 0.16 −0.52 ± 0.31 < 0.0001 HITG, MITG > LITG > CG
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, CEI cardiorespiratory endurance index, CG control group, HC hip circumference, HITG high-intensity training group, LITG light-intensity training group, MITG moderate-intensity training group, SE standard error, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR waist-to-height ratio. Data are expressed as mean ± SE. Groups compared using one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post hoc comparisons (P < 0.05)