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Table 3 Summary of identified clinical trials

From: The search for relevant outcome measures for cost-utility analysis of systemic family interventions in adolescents with substance use disorder and delinquent behavior: a systematic literature review

ID Authors Year Population Age Number Effect measures
22 Arnold EM, Kirk RS, Roberts AC, Griffith DP, Meadows K, Julian J. 2003 incarcerated, sexually abused adolescent females 12–17 100 Multidimensional Adolescent Assessment Scale (MAAS)
23 Borduin CM, Mann BJ, Cone LT, Henggeler SW, Fucci BR, Blaske DM, Williams RA 1995 juvenile offenders 12–17 176 Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R);Revised Behavior Problem Checklist (RBPC); Family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales-II (FACES-II); Nine-item unrevealed differences questionnaire-revised; Peer relations inventory (MPRI)
24 Borduin CM, Schaeffer CM, Heiblum N. 2009 juvenile sexual offenders Mean 14 48 Global Severity Index (GSI) of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI); Revised Behavior Problem Checklist (RBPC); Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales II (FACES-II); 13-item Missouri Peer Relations Inventory (MPRI); Youth reports of the Self Report Delinquency Scale (SRD)
25 Brown SA, D'Amico EJ, McCarthy DM, Tapert SF. 2001 adolescents treated for alcohol and drug problems 14–18 166 Customary drinking and drug use record (CDDR); Hollingshead classification system; Health problems composite index
26 Burleson JA, Kaminer Y, Goldston DB, Haberek R 2005 Adolescent Alcohol Abuse or Alcohol Dependence Disorder 12–18 years; average 15.9 177 Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ-JR); Teen Addiction Severity Index (T-ASI); Diagnostic interview scale for children (self-administered Voice-DISC)
27 Burleson JA, Kaminer Y. 2005 adolescents with substance use disorder 13–18 88 Situational confidence questionnaire (SCQ); Diagnostic interview schedule for children (DISC-C)
28 Cornelius JR, Douaihy A, Bukstein OG, Daley DC, Wood SD, Kelly TM, Salloum IM. 2011 adolescents with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) 15–20 75 Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAM-D-27); Beck Depression Index (BDI); Timeline follow-back method (TLFB)
29 D'Amico EJ, Ellickson PL, Wagner EF, Turrisi R, Fromme K, Ghosh-Dastidar B,Longshore DL, McCaffrey DF, Montgomery MJ, Schonlau M, Wright D. 2005 adolescents with alcohol and other drug problems (AOD) 13–19 289 Perceived stress scale; Revised way of coping checklist
30 Dembo R, Shemwell M, Guida J, Schmeidler J, Pacheco K, Seeberger W 1998 juvenile offenders Mean 14 62 SCL-90-R
31 Dembo R, Wothke W, Livingston S, Schmeidler J 2002 juvenile offenders 11–18; mean 14.5 278 SCL-90-R
32 Dennis M, Godley S H, Diamond G, Tims F M, Babor T, Donaldson J, Liddle H, Titus J C, Kaminer Y, Webb C, Hamilton N, Funk R 2004 adolescent cannabis users 15–16 600 GAIN
33 Dennis M, Titus JC, Diamond G, Donaldson J, Godley SH, Tims FM, Webb C, KaminerY, Babor T, Roebuck MC, Godley MD, Hamilton N, Liddle H, Scott CK; C. Y. T.Steering Committee. 2002 cannabis dependence or abuse in adolescents 12–18 600 Drug Abuse Treatment Cost Analysis Program (DATCAP); Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN); Adolescent Reasons for Quitting (ARFQ); Family Environment Scale (FES); Friends, Family and Self (FFS); Adolescent Relapse Coping Questionnaire (ARCQ); SCID II personality questionnaire (SPQ); Dimensions of Temperament Revised (DOTS); Child Behavioral Checklist (CBCL)
34 Gil AG, Wagner EF, Tubman JG 2004 juvenile offenders 14–19 213 Timeline follow-back interview (TLFB);Problem recognition questionnaire (PRQ)
35 Glisson C, Schoenwald SK, Hemmelgarn A, Green P, Dukes D, Armstrong KS, Chapman JE 2010 delinquent youth 9–17 child behavior checklist (CBCL) Child behavior checklist (CBCL)
36 Godley SH, Garner BR, Passetti LL, Funk RR, Dennis ML, Godley MD. 2010 adolescents with substance use disorder 12–18 320 GAIN Substance Problem Scale (SPS); DATCAP
37 Godley SH, Hedges K, Hunter B. 2011 adolescents with substance use 10–18 2141 GAIN
38 Hall JA, Smith DC, Easton SD, An H, Williams JK, Godley SH, Jang M 2008 youth in outpatient treatment for substance abuse 12–18 404 GAIN
39 Harold GT, Kerr DC, Van Ryzin M, Degarmo DS, Rhoades KA, Leve LD. 2013 adolescent girls in juvenile justice system 13–17 166 Brief symptom inventory (BSI)
40 Henderson CE, Dakof GA, Greenbaum PE, Liddle HA. 2010 adolescent drug abuse and delinquency 12–17 378 Personal Experience Inventory (PEI); Timeline follow-back method (TLFB); Diagnostic interview schedule for children, second edition (DISC-2); Family environment scale (FEI)
41 Henggeler SW, Halliday-Boykins CA, Cunningham PB, Randall J, Shapiro SB, Chapman JE. 2006 juvenile offenders meeting criteria for substance abuse or dependence 12–17 161 Form 90 based on TLFB; Self reported delinquency scale (SRD); Child behavior checklist (CBCL)
42 Henggeler SW, McCart MR, Cunningham PB, Chapman JE. 2012 youth substance abuse and criminal behavior 12–17 104 Form 90/TLFB; Self reported delinquency scale (SRD)
43 Henggeler SW, Melton GB, Brondino MJ, Scherer DG, Hanley JH 1997 violent and chronic juvenile offenders 11–17 155 Global severity index (GSI) of the BSI; Revised problem behavior checklist (RBPC); Self-report delinquency scale (SRD); Family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales (FACES-III); Family assessment measure (FAM-III); Parent version monitoring index; Adolescent version monitoring index; 13-item Missouri peer relations inventory (MPRI); 14-item parent peer conformity inventory (PPCI)
44 Henggeler SW, Melton GB, Smith LA 1992 serious juvenile offenders Mean 15,2 84 SRD (Self Report Delinquency Scale); FACES-III (The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales); MPRI (Missouri Peer Relations Inventory); RBPC (Revised Behavior Problem Checklist); SCL-90 (Self Report Symptom Checklist); SCS-CBC
45 Henggeler SW, Pickrel SG, Brondino MJ. 1999 substance-abusing and -dependent delinquent adolescents 12–17 118 Personal experience inventory (PEI); Self-report delinquency scale (SRD)
46 Hogue A, Dauber S, Stambaugh LF, Cecero JJ, Liddle HA. 2006 substance-abusing adolescents average 15.5 100 TLFB; CBCL; YSR
47 Hogue A, Henderson CE, Dauber S, Barajas PC, Fried A, Liddle HA. 2008 adolescent substance use and related behavior problems 13–17 136 Timeline follow-back (TLFB); Personal experience inventory (PEI); CBCL; YSR
48 Hunter SB, Ramchand R, Griffin BA, Suttorp MJ, McCaffrey D, Morral A. 2012 adolescent substance use n/a 2751 GAIN; Emotional problem scale (EPS); Illegal activities scale (IAS); Past month substance problem scale (SPS-GAIN); Substance frequency scale (SFS-GAIN)
49 Kaminer Y, Burleson JA, Goldberger R 2002 adolescent substance-abusers 13–18 88 T-ASI; DISC-C; Structural clinical interview for the DSM (SCID-II); Revised dimensions of temperament survey (DOTES-R)
50 Kaminer Y, Burleson JA. 2008 adolescents with substance use disorder 13–18 88 T-ASI; DOTES-R
51 Keiley MK. 2007 incarcerated adolescents 13–18 73 Caregiver CBCL; Youth self-report (YSR); Coping inventory of stressful situations (CISS); Parental bonding instrument (PBI); Inventory of parent and peer attachment (IPPA)
52 Killeen TK, McRae-Clark AL, Waldrop AE, Upadhyaya H, Brady KT. 2012 adolescents with marijuana use disorders 12–18 31 Composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI); Teen Addiction Severity Index (T-ASI); Timeline Follow-back (TLFB); Marijuana craving questionnaire (MCQ-12); Barrett Impulsivity Scale (BIS-II-A)
53 Latimer WW, Winters KC, D'Zurilla T, Nichols M 2003 adolescent drug abusers 12–18 43 Diagnostic interview for children and adolescents (DICA-IV); Adolescent diagnostic interview revised (ADI-R)-multiaxal interview; Personal experience inventory (PEI); Family assessment measure (FAM); Social problem solving inventory (SPSI); Motivational learning questionnaire (MSLQ); Client personal history questionnaire (CPHHQ)
54 Letourneau EJ, Henggeler SW, Borduin CM, Schewe PA, McCart MR, Chapman JE, Saldana L 2009 juvenile sexual offenders 11–17 67 Adolescent sexual behavior inventory (ASBI); Self-report delinquency scale (SRD); Personal experience inventory (PEI); Child behavior checklist (CBCL)
55 Liddle HA, Dakof GA, Parker K, Diamond GS, Barrett K, Tejeda M 2001 clinically-referred marijuana- and alcohol-abusing adolescents 13–18 182 Adolescent grade point average (GPA); Acting out behaviors (AOB) scale; Global health pathology scale
56 Liddle HA, Rowe CL, Dakof GA, Henderson CE, Greenbaum PE 2009 young adolescent substance abusers 11–15 83 GAIN; TLFB; POSIT; SRD; National youth survey peer delinquency scale
57 Liddle HA, Rowe CL, Dakof GA, Ungaro RA, Henderson CE. 2004 adolescent substance abuse and behavioral problems 11–15 80 GAIN; Parent and adolescent interviews (CTRADA); Youth Self Report (YSR); Family Environment Scale (FES); National Youth Survey Peer Delinquency Scale; TLFB
58 Lott DC, Jencius S. 2009 adolescent substance abuse 12–18 264 (only urine specimen)
59 Marsden J, Stillwell G, Barlow H, Boys A, Taylor C, Hunt N, Farrell M 2006 young ecstasy and cocaine users 16–22 342 Maudsley addiction Profile (MAP); Severity of dependence scale (SDS)
60 Martin G, Copeland J. 2008 adolescent cannabis users 14–19 40 TLFB; Items from GAIN; Severity of dependence scale (SDS); Stage of change questionnaire
61 McCambridge J, Strang J. 2004 adolescent illegal drug use 16–20 200 Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS); Seven-point scale by Argyle; Drug Attitudes Scale (DAS); 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ)
62 McGlynn AH, Hahn P, Hagan MP. 2012 juvenile offenders 12–18 518 HIT questionnaire
63 Moore SK, Marsch LA, Badger GJ, Solhkhah R, Hofstein Y. 2011 opoid-dependent adolescents 13–18 36 Youth Self Report (YSR)
64 Rigter H, Henderson CE, Pelc I, Tossmann P, Phan O, Hendriks V, Schaub M, RoweCL. 2012 adolescents with recent cannabis use disorder 13–18 450 Adolescent diagnostic interview-light (ADI-Light); TLFB
65 Robbins MS, Feaster DJ, Horigian VE, Rohrbaugh M, Shoham V, Bachrach K, Miller M,Burlew KA, Hodgkins C, Carrion I, Vandermark N, Schindler E, Werstlein R,Szapocznik J. 2011 adolescent drug abuse Mean 15.5 480 TLFB; Diagnostic interview schedule for children (DISC); Parenting Practices Questionnaire; Family environment scale (FES)
66 Rohde P, Jorgensen JS, Seeley JR, Mace DE 2004 incarcerated youth 12–25 76 YSR; Life attitudes schedule-short form (LAS-SF); Self-esteem scale; 10-item UCLA loneliness scale; Subjective probability questionnaire; 4 items created and modeled after the social adjustment scale
67 Sawyer AM, Borduin CM 2011 serious and violent juvenile offenders 37,3 176 (no instruments, clinical records only)
68 Sealock MD, Gottfredson DC, Gallagher CA 1997 substance-abusing youthful offenders n/a 460 Face valid alcohol (FVA) scale of SASSI; Face valid other drug (FVOD) scale of SASSI; Coping resources inventory (CRI); MEPS test
69 Sexton T, Turner CW 2010 adolescents adjudicated for crime and sentenced to probation 13–17 917 WAJCA-RA structured interview
70 Timmons-Mitchell J, Bender MB, Kishna MA, Mitchell CC 2006 juvenile justice involved youth Mean 15.1 93 Child Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS)
71 Waldron HB, Kern-Jones S, Turner CW, Peterson TR, Ozechowski TJ. 2007 treatment resistant drug-abusing adolescents 14–20 72 BDI; State-anger subscale of the state-trait anger expression inventory (STAXI); State-anger anxiety inventory (STAI); TLFB; CBCL; YSR; Conflict and cohesion subscale of FES
72 Waldron HB, Slesnick N, Brody JL, Turner CW, Peterson TR. 2001 adolescent substance abuse 13–17 114 TLFB; POSIT; CBCL
73 Walker DD, Stephens R, Roffman R, Demarce J, Lozano B, Towe S, Berg B. 2011 adolescent cannabis users 14–19 311 Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN-I); Marijuana Problem Inventory (MPI) (adapted from RAPI)
74 Winters KC, Fahnhorst T, Botzet A, Lee S, Lalone B 2012 Alcohol and/or cannabis use disorder 12–18 315 PCS: 11-item self-report scale from the Personal Experience Inventory (PEI); Adolescent Diagnostic Interview (ADI); TLFB; Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES); Problem solving inventory; Child version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ); Treatment Services Review (TSR)
75 Winters KC, Leitten W. 2007 drug-abusing adolescents 14–17 79 Adolescent Diagnostic Interview (ADI) - substance use disorder module; TLFB; Personal consequences scale (PCS) from PEI; Treatment Services Review (TSR)
76 Chamberlain P, Leve LD, Degarmo DS 2007 Girls with serious and chronic delinquency 13–17 81 Elliott General Delinquency Scale
77 Liddle, HA, Dakof, GA, Turner, RM, Henderson, CE, Greenbaum, PE 2008 Youth with drug abuse/dependence Mean 15 224 DISC; PEI; TLFB
78 Robbins MS, Szapocznik J, Dillon FR, Turner CW, Mitrani VB, Feaster DJ 2008 Substance-abusing or dependent adolescents 12–17, mean 15.6 190 DISC; TLFB; ADAD; Therapist Adherence Checklist
79 Smith DC, Hall JA, Williams JK, An H, Gotman N. 2006 Adolescent substance abuse Mean 15.8 98 SFS and SPS scales of GAIN
80 Winters KC, Stinchfield RD, Opland E, Weller C, Latimer WW. 2000 Adolescent substance abuse 12–18 245 Drug consumption items of PEI