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Table 6 Decrement in health-related quality of life and health preference associated with the number of diabetic complications

From: Health-related quality of life and health preference of Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus managed in primary care and secondary care setting: decrements associated with individual complication and number of complications

Scales Number of complications Effects of number of complicationsb
0 (N = 757) 1 (N = 379) ≥2 N = 139) Multiple comparisona 1 (N = 379) 2 (N = 119) ≥3 (N = 18)
(1)
Mean ± SD
(2)
Mean ± SD
(3)
Mean ± SD
Compare (1), (2) &(3) Mean ± SE Mean ± SE Mean ± SE
Health related quality of life
PF 85.6 ± 25.8 75.6 ± 33.0 67.0 ± 32.7 (1) > (2); (1),(2) > (3) −9.26 ± 1.97* −12.51 ± 3.18* −20.04 ± 7.51*
RP 84.3 ± 25.6 77.4 ± 29.4 71.0 ± 32.2 (1) > (2); (1),(2) > (3) −5.78 ± 1.95* −8.49 ± 3.16* −8.51 ± 7.24
BP 82.4 ± 25.2 76.5 ± 29.8 69.1 ± 31.1 (1) > (2); (1),(2) > (3) −5.43 ± 1.96* −10.20 ± 3.16* −6.26 ± 7.25
GH 37.6 ± 23.9 36.4 ± 25.4 31.9 ± 24.2 (1) > (3) −2.75 ± 1.75 −6.00 ± 2.83* −3.54 ± 6.49
VT 61.7 ± 28.2 57.3 ± 31.8 49.6 ± 31.7 (1) > (3); (1),(2) > (3) −5.05 ± 2.12* −7.53 ± 3.43* −23.69 ± 7.88*
SF 89.8 ± 22.7 84.0 ± 28.9 79.0 ± 33.1 (1) > (2); (1) > (3) −5.04 ± 1.86* −6.85 ± 3.01* −11.84 ± 6.90
RE 88.4 ± 20.4 84.5 ± 25.5 80.7 ± 26.8 (1) > (2); (1) > (3) −4.52 ± 1.59* −3.88 ± 2.57 −6.26 ± 5.90
MH 78.8 ± 19.7 78.4 ± 22.5 74.2 ± 24.4   −0.75 ± 1.51 −2.42 ± 2.43 −5.10 ± 5.58
PCS 47.7 ± 9.7 44.3 ± 11.7 41.1 ± 12.2 (1) > (2); (1),(2) > (3) −3.11 ± 0.74* −4.91 ± 1.20* −5.55 ± 2.84*
MCS 55.3 ± 9.5 55.0 ± 11.3 53.4 ± 12.5   −0.63 ± 0.74 −0.66 ± 1.19 −4.07 ± 2.81
Health preference
SF-6D score 0.882 ± 0.102 0.859 ± 0.120 0.827 ± 0.132 (1) > (2); (1),(2) > (3) −0.022 ± 0.008* −0.036 ± 0.013* −0.065 ± 0.029*
  1. PF physical functioning, RP role physical, BP bodily pain, GH general health, VT vitality, SF social functioning, RE role emotional, MH mental health, PCS Physical Component Summary score, MCS Mental Component Summary score
  2. a Significant difference between three groups by Tukey’s Post-hoc multiple comparisons
  3. b Adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, duration of DM, SBP, DBP, HbA1c, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglyceride, marital status and individual monthly income and other complications
  4. * P < 0.05