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Table 4 Decrement in health-related quality of life associated with the presence of diabetic complication and individual complication

From: Health-related quality of life and health preference of Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus managed in primary care and secondary care setting: decrements associated with individual complication and number of complications

HRQoL Any diabetic complicationa Individual complicationsb
Heart disease Stroke Diabetic nephropathy ESRD NPDR/pre-PDR STDR
PF -10.61 ± 1.83* −4.04 ± 3.15 −5.81 ± 3.75 −7.76 ± 2.19 −18.78 ± 4.83* −0.04 ± 3.41 −14.41 ± 4.08*
RP -7.19 ± 1.81* −0.84 ± 3.14 −9.08 ± 3.74* −3.48 ± 2.18 −12.06 ± 4.78* −1.51 ± 3.39 −8.46 ± 4.07*
BP -7.25 ± 1.81* −3.00 ± 3.13 −11.02 ± 3.73* −1.54 ± 2.18 −14.16 ± 4.77* 1.14 ± 3.38 −11.18 ± 4.06*
GH -3.63 ± 1.63* −5.02 ± 2.81¶ −2.77 ± 3.35 −2.38 ± 1.95 −8.39 ± 4.28* 5.03 ± 3.03 −4.41 ± 3.64
VT -6.82 ± 1.97* −4.99 ± 3.40 −4.92 ± 4.06 −1.46 ± 2.37 −17.88 ± 5.19* −2.49 ± 3.67 −7.42 ± 4.41
SF -5.96 ± 1.73* −5.95 ± 2.97* −7.29 ± 3.55* −1.11 ± 2.07 −13.58 ± 4.54* 2.66 ± 3.21 −8.74 ± 3.86*
RE -4.81 ± 1.48* −2.91 ± 2.55 −6.67 ± 3.05* −0.64 ± 1.78 −9.67 ± 3.90* 0.40 ± 2.76 −3.49 ± 3.31
MH -1.44 ± 1.40 −1.04 ± 2.42 −4.32 ± 2.88 −0.26 ± 1.68 −2.90 ± 3.69 2.52 ± 2.61 −5.01 ± 3.13
PCS -3.81 ± 0.69* −1.40 ± 1.19 −3.05 ± 1.42* −2.32 ± 0.83* −7.05 ± 1.83* −0.07 ± 1.29 −4.93 ± 1.55*
MCS -0.86 ± 0.68 −1.44 ± 1.18 −2.15 ± 1.41 0.63 ± 0.82 −13.58 ± 1.81* 0.65 ± 1.28 −1.13 ± 1.53
  1. Figures expressed as Mean ± SE
  2. BP bodily pain, ESRD end-stage renal disease, GH general health, MCS mental component summary score, MH mental health, PCS physical component summary score, PF physical functioning, RE role emotional, RP role physical, SE standard error, SF social functioning, VT vitality. NPDR non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, PDR proliferative diabetic retinopathy, STDR sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy
  3. aAdjusted for age, sex, smoking status, duration of DM, SBP, DBP, HbA1c, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglyceride, marital status and individual monthly income
  4. bAdjusted for age, sex, smoking status, duration of DM, SBP, DBP, HbA1c, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglyceride, marital status and individual monthly income and other complications
  5. *P < 0.05, ¶ P = 0.074