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Table 3 Health-related quality of life of Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus with and without complication in comparison with general healthy population

From: Health-related quality of life and health preference of Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus managed in primary care and secondary care setting: decrements associated with individual complication and number of complications

HRQoL General Healthy population Without diabetic complication Heart Diseases Stroke Diabetic Nephropathy ESRD NPDR /pre-PDR STDR
  (N = 220) (N = 757) (N = 113) (N = 72) (N = 233) (N = 75) (N = 114) (N = 66)
PF 86.82 ± 24.65 85.63 ± 25.83 70.54 ± 33.76* 73.26 ± 37.13* 70.92 ± 33.79* 64.53 ± 32.32* 80.31 ± 27.64 68.56 ± 33.77*
RP 84.32 ± 23.19 84.33 ± 25.56 73.78 ± 31.16* 69.79 ± 37.10* 76.66 ± 29.69* 70.00 ± 30.55* 78.95 ± 28.33 71.40 ± 31.15*
BP 82.73 ± 24.65 82.39 ± 25.18 71.46 ± 29.86* 68.40 ± 36.82* 77.36 ± 27.26* 69.00 ± 32.84* 76.75 ± 27.97* 67.80 ± 34.18*
GH 51.77 ± 28.94 37.59 ± 23.91 32.61 ± 24.74* 33.68 ± 23.87 35.00 ± 24.89 35.07 ± 25.29 39.12 ± 26.63 29.09 ± 23.32*
VT 65.80 ± 26.67 61.68 ± 28.19 49.56 ± 33.24* 50.00 ± 34.85* 59.44 ± 29.21 45.67 ± 30.31* 54.61 ± 33.02* 50.38 ± 32.07*
SF 85.45 ± 23.62 89.81 ± 22.72 77.88 ± 35.16* 78.82 ± 35.27* 86.27 ± 25.83 74.33 ± 34.38* 84.43 ± 28.88* 76.52 ± 35.05*
RE 83.07 ± 20.94 88.42 ± 20.43 80.20 ± 26.76* 79.17 ± 30.90* 86.86 ± 21.89 77.00 ± 29.64* 84.10 ± 26.52* 79.55 ± 28.81*
MH 74.20 ± 20.22 78.78 ± 19.70 75.88 ± 24.25 72.05 ± 26.66* 78.54 ± 22.19 75.67 ± 22.78 77.63 ± 23.19 74.43 ± 23.15
PCS 50.33 ± 9.81 47.71 ± 9.75 42.36 ± 12.20* 42.55 ± 14.27* 43.05 ± 12.08* 40.81 ± 11.52* 45.75 ± 10.28 41.12 ± 12.24*
MCS 52.75 ± 10.01 55.30 ± 9.53 52.96 ± 12.55* 52.05 ± 13.49* 56.45 ± 10.73 52.36 ± 12.43* 53.89 ± 11.64 52.94 ± 11.39
  1. Figures in bold-P < 0.05 compare to general healthy population
  2. Figures expressed as Mean ± SD
  3. BP bodily pain, ESRD end-stage renal disease, GH general health, MCS mental component summary score, MH mental health, PCS physical component summary score, PF physical functioning, RE, role emotional, RP role physical, SF social functioning, VT vitality, NPDR non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, PDR proliferative diabetic retinopathy, STDR sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy
  4. *P < 0.05 compared to subjects without complications