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Table 2 Characteristics of the sample

From: Validation of the Spanish version of the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS)

  Male 288 (54.4%) Female 241 (41.6%) Total (n = 529)  
Mean (SD) or n (%) Mean (SD) or n (%) Mean (SD) or n (%) p
Age 50.31(13.87) 50.95(15.326) 50.60(14.54) 0.902
Regular anxiolytic treatment 54(18.8) 14(5.8) 68(12.9) <0.0001
Education level     0.070
No education 37(12.8) 32(13.3) 69(13.0)  
Primary Education 113(39.2) 98(40.7) 211(39.9)  
Secondary Education 110(38.2) 72(29.9) 182(34.4)  
Higher Education 28(9.7) 39(16.2) 67(12.7)  
Specialty     <0.0001
Surgery 69(24) 60(24.9) 129(24.4)  
Urology 23(8) 60(24.9) 83(15.7)  
Gynecology 61(21.2) - 61(11.5)  
Traumatology 54(18.8) 52(21.6) 106(20.0)  
ENT 16(5.6) 12(5) 28(5.3)  
Ophtalmology 32(11.1) 37(15.4) 69(13)  
Dermatology 33(11.5) 20(8.3) 53(10.0)  
Procedure     0.750
Surgery 40(13.9) 37(15.4) 77(14.6)  
Diagnostic surgery 26(9.0) 18(7.5) 44(8.3)  
Non-oncological surgery 222(77.1) 186(77.2) 408(77.1)  
Hospitalization regimen     0.174
Inpatients 184(63.9) 171(71.0) 355(67.1)  
Ambulatory Major Surgery 55(19.1) 41(17.0) 96(18.1)  
Outpatient 49(17.0) 29(12.0) 78(14.7)  
History of previous surgery     0.701
Yes 215(74.9) 177(73.4) 392(74.2)  
No 72(25.1) 64(26.6) 136(25.8)  
Have been informed on diagnosis     0.454
Yes 279(96.9) 236(97.9) 515(97.4)  
No 9(3.1) 5(2.1) 14(2.6)  
Have been informed on the procedure     0.393
Yes 254(88.2) 217(90.0) 471(89.0)  
No 34(11.8) 23(9.5) 57(10.8)  
Anesthetic risk     0.002
ASA I 106(36.8) 103(42.7) 209(39.5)  
ASA II 161(55.9) 101(41.9) 262(49.5)  
ASA III 21(7.3) 36(14.9) 57(10.8)  
ASA IV - 1(0.4) 1(0.2)  
Type of Anesthesia     <0.0001
General 113(39.2) 66(27.4) 179(33.8)  
Loco-regional 81(28.1) 111(46.1) 192(36.3)  
Local 94(32.6) 64(26.6) 158(29.9)