Model 0 Configural (without invariance)

35.294

12







0.050

0.998

0.997

Model 1 Weak (loadings fixed)

43.474

15

4.651

3

0.199

0.049

0.998

0.997

Model 2 Strong (loadings and thresholds fixed)

63.928

33

33.104

18

0.016

0.035

0.998

0.999

Model 3 Strong partially invariance (loadings and thresholds fixed, with thresholds of item 1 freed)

55.560

32

25.880

17

0.077

0.049

0.998

0.999

Model 4 Strict invariance (loadings, thresholds fixed, with thresholds of item 1 freed and residuals fixed)

51.345

37

3.970

5

0.554

0.022

0.999

0.999
