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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of primary caregivers

From: Psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals with mental illness: a hospital based study

Variable Category Overall
n %
Age Group 21–34 63 18.6
35–49 81 23.9
50–64 155 45.7
65+ 40 11.8
Ethnicity Chinese 195 57.5
Malay 74 21.8
Indian 65 19.2
Others 5 1.5
Gender Men 110 32.4
Women 229 67.6
Marital Status Single 87 25.7
Married 221 65.2
Widowed 15 4.4
Divorced/Separated 16 4.7
Education No formal/Primary 52 15.3
Secondary 146 43.1
Vocational 20 5.9
A level/Pre-University/Diploma 67 19.8
University and Above 54 15.9
Employment Status Employed 220 64.9
Students and Homemakers 92 27.1
Unemployed 27 8
Relationship of primary caregivers with Ill relative Spouse 80 23.6
Parent 118 34.8
Son/Daughter 91 26.8
Sibling 36 10.6
Other relatives 13 3.8
Living Arrangement Lives alone 3 0.9
Lives with parents 111 32.7
Lives with Spouse 156 46
Live with other relatives 14 4.1
Lives with children 43 12.7
Others 12 3.5
Diagnosis of Ill relative Early Psychosis 19 5.6
Chronic Schizophrenia 134 39.5
Depressive disorders 103 30.4
Anxiety disorder (OCD & GAD) 27 8
Dementia 16 4.7
Others 11 3.2
Unknown 29 8.6
Any Medical Conditions Yes 132 38.9
No 207 61.1
   Mean SD
Age of Primary Caregivers 49.7 13.18
PHQ-9 scores 4.73 5.26
GAD-7 scores 3.9 4.49
FIS scores 4.28 3.25
WHOQOL-DOMAIN1 (Physical health) 25.58 4.36
WHOQOL-DOMAIN2 (Psychological) 9.71 2.39
WHOQOL-DOMAIN3 (Social relationships) 20.44 3.83
WHOQOL-DOMAIN4 (Environment) 27.35 4.6