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Table 1 Correlations between variables, means and standard deviations (SD) of two dependent variables, and pairwise comparisons

From: Women with family cancer history are at risk for poorer physical quality of life and lower self-efficacy: a longitudinal study among men and women with non-small cell lung cancer

   Correlation coefficients Gender comparisons Patients with family cancer history vs. those without family cancer history
  Variable 2 3 4 5 6 Women M (SD) Men M (SD) F p d
(95% CI)
With M (SD) Without M (SD) F p d
(95% CI)
1 QOL-lung cancer symptoms T1 .71*** .66*** −.11 −.17† −.39*** 32.33 (20.73) 26.39 (19.19) 2.41 .124 0.30
(−3.58, 4.17)
33.79 (21.24) 23.73 (17.49) 6.58 .012 0.52
(−3.31, 4.35)
2 QOL-lung cancer symptoms T2   .63*** −.11 −.30** −.36*** 16.33 (14.69) 12.45 (9.65) 2.50 .117 0.32
(−2.10, 2.73)
16.51 (14.21) 11.78 (9.69) 3.68 .058 0.39
(−2.03, 2.80)
3 QOL-lung cancer symptoms T3    −.05 −.30** −.51*** 18.88 (22.58) 9.64 (11.87) 6.32 .014 0.52
(−2.98, 4.02)
18.08 (22.64) 9.90 (10.78) 5.01 .027 0.45
(−3.10, 4.01)
4 Self-efficacy for managing illness T1     .63*** .29** 3.64 (0.59) 4.06 (0.49) 14.56 >.001 −0.78
(−0.89, −0.68)
3.75 (0.61) 3.98 (0.53) 4.01 .048 −0.40
(−0.52, −0.29)
5 Self-efficacy for managing illness T2      .59*** 4.38 (0.44) 4.67 (0.29) 15.18 >.001 −0.79
(−0.86, −0.71)
4.49 (0.43) 4.57 (0.37) 1.05 .308 −0.20
(−0.28, −0.12)
6 Self-efficacy for managing illness T3       4.57 (0.36) 4.77 (0.29) 9.07 .003 −0.62
(−0.68, −0.56)
4.61 (0.37) 4.75 (0.30) 4.23 .042 −0.42
(−0.48, −0.35)
  1. For all between-groups comparisons: df = 1,97. d = Cohen’s d; Significant (CI 95%) effect sizes are reported with Cohen’s d
  2. *** p < .001; ** p < .01; * p < .05; † p < .10