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Table 3 The rank prevalence of 17 self-reported chronic diseases and most prevalent related pairs of chronic diseases with a percentage >10% in the sample population

From: Multimorbidity associated with functional independence among community-dwelling older people: a cross-sectional study in Southern China

Type of single disease Sample,
n (%)
95% CI Rank Pairs of diseasesa Sample,
n (%)
95% CI
Hypertension 1214 (44.9) 42.9%, 46.9% 1 HT + CP 359 (13.3) 11.9%, 14.7%
Chronic pain 731 (27.0) 25.2%, 28.8% 2 HT + DM 273 (10.1) 8.9%, 11.3%
Diabetes mellitus 455 (16.8) 15.4%, 18.2% 3 HT + HL 230 (8.5) 7.5%, 9.5%
Hyperlipidemia 375 (13.9) 12.5%, 15.3% 4 HT + BD 200 (7.4) 6.4%, 8.4%
Bone diseases 346 (12.8) 11.6%, 14.0% 5 CP + BD 166 (6.1) 5.1%, 7.1%
Gastroenteritis 320 (11.8) 10.6%, 13.0% 6 HT + HD 164 (6.1) 5.1%, 7.1%
Heart disease 283 (10.5) 9.3%, 11.7% 7 CP + HL 148 (5.5) 4.7%, 6.3%
Gout 194 (7.2) 6.2%, 8.2% 8 CP + GE 146 (5.4) 4.6%, 6.2%
Peripheral vascular disease 157 (5.8) 5.0%, 6.6% 9 CP + HD 118 (4.4) 3.6%, 5.2%
Chronic kidney disease 118 (4.4) 3.6%, 5.2% 10 DM + HL 107 (4.0) 3.2%, 4.8%
Spleen and gallbladder diseases 110 (4.1) 3.3%, 4.9% 11 HL + HD 82 (3.0) 2.4%, 3.6%
Pulmonary disease 102 (3.8) 3.0%, 4.6% 12 HL + GE 79 (2.9) 2.3%, 3.5%
Stroke 79 (2.9) 2.3%, 3.5% 13 BD + GE 77 (2.8) 2.2%, 3.4%
Cancer 29 (1.1) 0.7%, 1.5% 14 HL + BD 76 (2.8) 2.2%, 3.4%
Multiple sclerosis 19 (0.7) 0.3%, 1.1% 15 DM + HD 62 (2.3) 1.7%, 2.9%
Dementia 18 (0.7) 0.3%, 1.1% 16 GE + HD 58 (2.1) 1.5%, 2.7%
Mental disorder 6 (0.2) 0.03%, 0.4% 17 BD + HD 53 (2.0) 1.4%, 2.6%
  1. aAll pairs have significantly correlation (P < 0.05). CI Confidence interval, HT Hypertension, CP Chronic pain, DM Diabetes mellitus, HL Hyperlipidemia, BD Bone diseases, HD Heart disease, GE Gastroenteritis