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Table 2 Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis showing the standardised parameter estimates and fit indices

From: Validation and reliability of the Malaysian English version of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire for adolescents

  Model A Model B
N 393 203 190
Age group 12–17 years 12–14 years 15–17 years
Fit Indices
 Comparative Fit Index 0.902 0.898
 Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (90% CI) 0.066 (0.060–0.073) 0.048 (0.043–0.053)
Items in Brief
Dental Self-Confidence
 • Proud of own teeth 0.78 0.73 0.83
 • Like to show their teeth 0.59 0.55 0.63
 • Pleased to see own teeth in mirror 0.78 0.82 0.74
 • Teeth look nice to others 0.59 0.55 0.62
 • Satisfied with own teeth’s appearance 0.63 0.68 0.56
 • Find own teeth nice 0.72 0.70 0.74
Social Impact
 • Hold back their smile 0.57 0.58 0.56
 • What others think 0.62 0.50 0.74
 • Teasing 0.70 0.74 0.67
 • People look strange at my teeth 0.66 0.67 0.66
 • Shy because of own teeth 0.66 0.68 0.63
 • Hiding own teeth 0.65 0.67 0.64
 • Stupid comments from others 0.58 0.49 0.67
 • Boys/girls find own teeth ugly 0.67 0.63 0.70
Psychological Impact
 • Envy others for their teeth 0.55 0.48 0.59
 • Distressed because of others’ nice teeth 0.80 0.76 0.85
 • Unhappy about own teeth 0.76 0.77 0.76
 • Others have nicer teeth 0.59 0.53 0.66
 • Feel bad about own teeth 0.71 0.68 0.73
 • Wish to look better 0.44 0.41 0.48
Aesthetic Concern
 • Don’t like own teeth in mirror 0.67 0.63 0.73
 • Don’t like own teeth on photos 0.59 0.57 0.61