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Table 3 Item characteristics of regret coping at first survey (n = 329). Number left of item description corresponds to the item order in the scale

From: Validation of the German version of two scales (RIS, RCS-HCP) for measuring regret associated with providing healthcare

In general, when I regret events or situations with patients…. % at lowest value % at highest value Mean (SD) Loading of FA
PF MA A
RCS-HCP
1. I talk about it with colleagues, to be listened to or reassured 2.5 34.6 3.04 (0.84) 0.51   
2. I discuss the problem again with the patient (or his family) 22.8 12.7 2.26 (0.95) 0.51   
3. I try to find concrete solutions to the situation 1.94 54.4 3.38 (0.77) 0.50   
4. I talk with a supervisor to prevent these events from recurring 10.1 27.0 2.74 (0.97) 0.63   −0.11
5. I try to accept the situation 4.8 28.3 2.94 (0.85) 0.11   0.49
6. I think I am no good 41.6 2.6 1.77 (0.78) −0.12 0.55  
7. I turn these situations in my head all the time 38.3 4.2 1.84 (0.81)   0.85  
8. I think about it so much that it becomes invasive 61.1 2.6 1.52 (0.75)   0.79  
9. I have a tendency to blame myself 17.0 10.2 2.24 (0.85)   0.70  
10. I tell myself that error is human 13.7 11.5 2.41 (0.86)    0.63
11. I try to take some emotional distance 4.5 23.0 2.84 (0.83)    0.54
12. I think about this situations all the time 56.9 2.9 1.55 (0.74)   0.82  
13. I expose this situation to colleagues to improve our practices 9.0 23.1 2.74 (0.92) 0.71   
14. I try to see the positive side of things 9.7 17.2 2.60 (0.88) 0.17 0.17 0.60
15. I try to put the situation in perspective 24.5 6.5 2.15 (0.87)    0.48
Problem focused 0.3 1.9 2.83 (0.61)
Maladaptive 8.3 0.6 1.78 (0.63)
Adaptive 0.3 2.6 2.59 (0.57)
  1. SD standard deviation, PCA Principal Component Analysis, FA factor analysis, PF problem focused, MA maladaptive, A adaptive