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Table 3 Quality of life of family caregivers measured by WHOQOL-BREF

From: Factors associated with the quality of life of family caregivers for leukemia patients in China

Characteristics n Physical Psychological Social Environment
Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD
Family caregivers
 Gender
  Male 140 12.8±2.9 12.2±2.7 13.3±3.1 11.5±2.6
  Female 169 12.6±2.7 12.3±2.4 13.1±2.8 11.1±2.4
 Age (years)
  ≤40 156 13.1±3.1 12.4±2.8 13.7±3.0 11.3±2.6
  >40 153 12.2±2.4 12.0±2.2 12.6±2.7 11.2±2.4
 Relationship to patient
  Spouse 114 12.5±2.5 11.8±2.2 12.5±2.6 11.1±2.2
  Parent 136 12.1±2.6 11.8±2.4 13.2±2.8 11.1±2.6
  Child 43 14.6±3.1 14.2±2.5 14.8±3.2 12.2±2.7
  Other 16 14.0±3.4 12.8±3.4 13.3±3.9 11.7±3.6
 Level of education
  No more than primary school 39 10.9±3.2 11.4±2.4 12.2±3.4 10.5 ±2.5
  Middle or high school 204 12.9±2.7 12.3±2.4 13.3±2.8 11.3±2.5
  University 66 13.1±2.6 12.4±2.8 13.2±2.9 11.8±2.7
 Ethnicity
  Han 299 12.7±2.8 12.2±2.5 13.2±2.9 11.3±2.6
  Other 10 12.1±2.6 11.7±2.3 12.9±2.4 10.8±1.6
 Religious belief
  No 263 12.5±2.7 12.0±2.4 12.9±2.8 11.1±2.5
  Yes 46 13.7±3.2 13.5±2.6 14.7±2.9 12.1±2.5
 Marital status
  Married 291 12.6±2.8 12.1±2.5 13.1±2.9 11.2±2.5
  Other 18 13.6±2.9 13.7±2.5 13.7±2.5 12.1±2.1
 Duration of caregiving (Months)
  ≤6 112 12.5±3.0 12.1±2.6 13.2±3.2 11.3±2.7
  6-12 69 12.8±2.8 12.6±2.4 13.4±2.8 11.5±2.2
  13-24 70 12.6±3.1 11.6±2.4 12.6±2.9 10.8±2.5
  >24 58 12.9±2.0 12.7±2.6 13.4±2.5 11.7±2.6
 Time spent caregiving per day (Hours)
  0-12 127 13.1±2.9 12.6±2.6 13.4±3.2 11.9±2.7
  13-24 182 12.4±2.7 12.0±2.5 13.0±2.7 10.9±2.3
 Understanding of disease
  Lacking 7 13.1±1.1 12.6±2.7 13.5±2.5 13.1±1.7
  Partial 192 12.6±2.8 12.2±2.3 13.0±2.9 11.2±2.4
  Fully 110 12.8±3.0 12.3±2.8 13.4±2.9 11.2±2.8
 Annual household income (Yuan)
  ≤40,000 168 12.2±2.9 12.0±2.6 13.0±2.9 10.9±2.4
  39,999-79,999 131 13.1±2.7 12.3±2.4 13.3±2.9 11.7±2.6
  ≥80,000 10 14.0±2.7 13.8±2.4 13.9±3.2 12.5±2.7
 Employment
  Employed 238 12.8±2.8 12.3±2.6 13.3±3.0 11.4±2.6
  Retired 22 12.7±1.5 11.9±1.8 11.9±1.2 11.4±2.0
  Unemployed 49 12.3±3.2 12.1±2.5 13.0±2.9 10.9±2.5
 Anxiety(HADS score)
  Normal 24 14.4±2.9 14.2±2.7 15.1±3.0 12.4±3.2
  Mild 119 13.0±2.7 12.6±2.4 13.7±2.8 11.4±2.5
  Moderate 149 12.2±2.7 11.7±2.3 12.6±2.7 11.1±2.4
  Severe 17 11.5±3.4 11.5±3.1 11.5±3.2 10.6±2.4
 Depression (HADS score)
  Normal 112 13.2±2.3 12.7±2.4 13.7±2.8 12.6±2.5
  Mild 132 12.7±2.8 12.1±2.4 13.1±2.8 10.9±2.2
  Moderate 65 11.5±3.3 11.6±2.7 12.3±3.3 9.8±2.2
 Social support(SSRSG score)
  Low 10 11.7±2.2 9.9±1.9 10.4±2.2 8.9±1.6
  Moderate 228 12.1±2.6 11.7±2.3 12.6±2.8 10.8±2.2
  High 71 14.8±2.4 14.3±2.2 15.3±2.2 13.2±2.4
 Family function(APGAR score)
  Severely dysfunctional 8 12.3±1.9 10.7±1.5 11.2±2.8 9.8±2.3
  Moderate dysfunctional 134 12.3±2.9 11.7±2.5 12.9±3.1 11.0±2.6
  Highly functional 167 13.0±2.8 12.7±2.5 13.5±2.7 11.6±2.4
Patients
 Gender
  Male 145 12.6±2.9 12.2±2.5 13.3±2.9 11.1±2.5
  Female 164 12.8±2.8 12.2±2.6 13.1±3.0 11.4±2.5
 Age (years)
  <15 75 11.8±2.7 11.4±2.5 13.4±2.6 10.2±2.2
  ≥15 234 12.9±2.8 12.5±2.5 13.1±3.0 11.6±2.5
 Ethnicity
  Han 295 12.7±2.8 12.3±2.5 13.2±2.9 11.3±2.6
  Other 14 12.0±2.4 11.1±2.4 12.7±2.3 10.9±1.3
 Types of leukemia
  ALL 96 12.2±2.7 11.4±2.6 13.1±3.0 10.6±2.7
  AML 163 12.7±3.0 12.4±2.5 13.1±2.9 11.5±2.4
  CLL 8 12.7±0.9 12.6±2.1 13.3±1.6 11.7±1.6
  CML 42 13.7±2.6 13.2±2.2 13.6±2.9 11.9±2.4
 Duration since diagnosis (months)
  0-6 38 12.8±3.1 12.2±2.7 13.3±3.5 11.0±2.7
  7-12 82 12.9±3.2 12.5±2.7 13.5±3.0 11.5±2.5
  12-24 91 12.8±2.7 11.9±2.3 12.8±2.7 11.0±2.1
  24 98 12.3±2.6 12.3±2.5 13.2±2.8 11.4±2.8
 Medical insurance
  Yes 280 12.8±2.9 12.3±2.6 13.3±2.9 11.3±2.6
  No 29 11.3±2.1 10.9±1.8 12.3±2.5 10.8±2.1
  1. Bold indicates P<0.05 in group comparisons (Student’s t test for two groups or one-way ANOVA test for multiple groups)