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Fig. 3 | Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Fig. 3

From: Health-related quality of life, work productivity, and indirect costs among patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea

Fig. 3

Annual indirect costs among respondents with IBS-D (diagnosed and undiagnosed) and controlsa.

aIncludes employed respondents only (n = 557 for respondents with IBS-D, n = 33,414 for controls).*Difference significant at p < 0.05, adjusted for age, gender, income, education, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol use, exercise activity, and Charlson Comorbidity Index. Abbreviations: IBS-D irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea, USD US dollars

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