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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 112 patients in three groups

From: Health related quality of life assessment in acute coronary syndrome patients: the effectiveness of early phase I cardiac rehabilitation

  MCRP (n = 22) CCRP (n = 28) Control (n = 62) p value
Demographic characteristics
 Gender (Male: Female) 21:1 24:4 54:8 0.259a
 Age in years, mean (SD) 52.73 (10.47) 57.92 (9.21) 56.85 (10.71)
Length of stay, no. (%)
 More than median of 4 days 12 (55) 10 (36) 19 (29) -
Educational level, no. (%)
 1. Primary/No formal education 9 (40.8) 18 (64.3) 37 (61.6) 0.454b
 2. Secondary school or college 12 (57.1) 10 (35.7) 23 (38.4)
Physical characteristics, mean (SD)
 Body weight (kg) 66.20 (12.49) 67.15 (8.96) 67.85 (12.81) 0.847a
 BMI (kg.m −2) 25.08 (4.22) 26.08 (3.32) 26.11 (3.83) 0.417a
 Waist & hip ratio 0.92 (0.03) 0.92 (0.16) 0.96 (0.13) 0.267a
 Systolic on admission 133.09 (27.53) 142.04 (30.18) 142.35 (29.63) 0.556a
 Diastolic on admission 81.85 (17.29) 81.20 (17.32) 83.31 (18.32) 0.994a
 Heart Rate on admission 85.52 (31.96) 79.44 (17.90) 83.07 (22.66) 0.889a
 Ejection fraction 50.06 (10.71) 50.81(12.45) 49.59 (12.72) 0.932a
ACS Stratum, no. (%)
 STEMI 11 (50.0) 17 (60.7) 33 (53.2) 0.735b
 NSTEMI 8 (36.3) 3 (10.7) 14 (22.5) 0.104b
 UA 3 (13.6) 9 (32.1) 20 (32.2) 0.232b
 Current smoker, no. (%) 11 (52.5) 9 (32.2) 21 (35) 0.422
 Fagerström test mean (SD) 5.45 (2.29) 4.67 (2.87) 4.7 (3.04)c p < 0.05
 Family support, no. (%) 19 (95) 26 (92.8) 57 (98.2) 0.443
  1. Continuous values are expressed as mean (SD) or number (percentage). One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used. BMI Body Mass Index, STEMI ST elevation MI, NSTEMI Non-ST elevation MI and UA Unstable angina, MCRP Modified CRP, CCRP Conventional CRP
  2. aKruskal–Wallis
  3. bχ2-test for nominal data (frequencies)
  4. cStatistical significance was fixed at p < 0.05