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Table 4 Relationships between Brief COPE and sociodemographics and quality of life

From: Assessment of coping: a new french four-factor structure of the brief COPE inventory

  Brief COPE
  Social support Problem solving Avoidance Positive thinking
Age −0.009 −0.044 −0.001 −0.072
Gender Women M (SD) 4.12 (1.22) 4.57 (1.59) 3.12 (0.70) 4.44 (1.65)
Men M (SD) 3.62 (1.29) 4.60 (1.74) 2.92 (0.81) 4.77 (1.29)
p-value <0.001 0.844 0.014 0.009
Patient-caregiver relationship Partner M (SD) 3.71 (1.25) 4.58 (1.66) 2.99 (0.76) 4.50 (1.25)
Not partner M (SD) 4.19 (1.22) 4.48 (1.63) 3.12 (0.72) 4.60 (1.21)
p-value <0.001 0.549 0.115 0.427
Living In couple M (SD) 3.84 (1.23) 4.61 (1.65) 2.98 (0.75) 4.53 (1.24)
Single M (SD) 4.02 (1.36) 4.52 (1.67) 3.18 (0.74) 4.73 (1.21)
p-value 0.200 0.636 0.024 0.156
Employment status Workers M (SD) 4.11 (1.20) 4.91 (1.61) 2.96 (0.71) 4.65 (1.14)
Not workers M (SD) 3.82 (1.28) 4.47 (1.66) 3.06 (0.76) 4.57 (1.26)
p-value 0.064 0.026 0.303 0.603
Educational level <12 y M (SD) 3.76 (1.21) 4.27 (1.56) 3.09 (0.76) 4.54 (1.34)
> = 12 y M (SD) 3.99 (1.29) 4.89 (1.69) 2.98 (0.75) 4.66 (1.11)
p-value 0.076 <0.001 0.145 0.348
SF-36 Physical function. −0.052 0.103* −0.144** 0.110*
Social functioning −0.086 0.061 −0.162** 0.316***
Role physical −0.086 0.017 −0.152** 0.020
Role emotional −0.123* 0.074 −0.170*** 0.162***
Mental health −0.207*** 0.195*** −0.319*** 0.479***
Vitality −0.105* 0.220*** −0.181*** 0.355***
Bodily pain −0.108* 0.087 −0.157** 0.060
General health −0.032 0.176*** −0.181*** 0.248***
PCS −0.016 0.069 −0.090 −0.010
MCS −0.154** 0.151** −0.244*** 0.421***
  1. M (SD) mean (standard deviation)
  2. Brief COPE range [0–5]; higher score indicated higher use of coping strategy;
  3. PCS physical composite score, MCS mental composite score; range [0–100]; higher score indicated higher QoL; bold values: p <0.05
  4. *p < 0.050, **p < 0.010, ***p < 0.001