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Table 3 Risk factors for a complicated postoperative recovery by age and physical activity status

From: Decreased physical activity is a predictor for a complicated recovery post cardiac surgery

  Group A Group B Group C
Age ≤ 65 years Age >65 and ≤75 Age >75 yrs
N = 1329 N = 1250 N = 803
Variablea Active DPA p-value Active DPA p-value Active DPA p-value
N = 832 (%) N = 497 (%) N = 777 (%) N = 473 (%) N = 406 (%) N = 397 (%)
Female gender 117 (14.0) 118 (23.7) 0.000 155 (19.9) 159 (33.6) 0.000 114 (28.1) 193 (48.6) 0.000
BMI > 30 196 (23.6) 186 (37.4) 0.000 150 (19.3) 171 (36.2) 0.000 67 (16.5) 106 (26.7) 0.000
Insulin dependent diabetes 48 (5.8) 54 (10.9) 0.001 66 (8.5) 65 (13.7) 0.003 31 (7.6) 39 (9.8) 0.272
Extracardiac arteriopathya 73 (8.8) 76 (15.3) 0.000 125 (16.1) 111 (23.5) 0.001 48 (11.8) 105 (26.4) 0.000
History of a neurological event 55 (6.6) 42 (8.5) 0.212 76 (9.8) 63 (13.3) 0.054 53 (13.1) 73 (18.4) 0.038
Renal dysfunctiona 4 (0.5) 8 (1.6) 0.035 4 (0.5) 14 (3.0) 0.000 2 (0.5) 7 (1.8) 0.104
Chronic pulmonary diseasea 47 (5.6) 49 (9.9) 0.004 77 (9.9) 67 (14.2) 0.022 41 (10.1) 52 (13.1) 0.184
Recent infarctiona 87 (10.5) 34 (6.8) 0.027 56 (7.2) 26 (5.5) 0.236 36 (8.9) 33 (8.3) 0.779
Previous cardiac surgerya 20 (2.4) 22 (4.4) 0.041 25 (3.2) 19 (4.0) 0.457 10 (2.5) 12 (3.0) 0.627
  1. For variables marked with a the definitions as in the logistic EuroSCORE are used. DPA = decreased physical activity, BMI = Body Mass Index, history of a neurological event = a CVA or TIA preoperative