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Table 2 Incidence of a PCR and different MAE-variables by age and physical activity status

From: Decreased physical activity is a predictor for a complicated recovery post cardiac surgery

  Group A Group B Group C
Age ≤ 65 years Age >65 and ≤75 Age >75 years
N = 1329 N = 1250 N = 803
Variable Active DPA p-value Active DPA p-value Active DPA p-value
N = 832 (%) N = 497 (%) N = 777 (%) N = 473 (%) N = 406 (%) N = 397 (%)
PCR 78 (9.4) 37 (7.4) 0.280 76 (9.8) 84 (17.8) 0.000 68 (16.7) 97 (24.4) 0.003
Reoperation 43 (5.2) 13 (2.6) 0.025 39 (5.0) 30 (6.4) 0.319 35 (8.6) 35 (8.8) 0.922
Deep sternal wound infection 1 (0.1) 2 (0.4) 0.560 1 (0.1) 9 (1.9) 0.001 2 (0.5) 2 (0.5) 1.000
Post-CVA/TIA 3 (0.4) 4 (0.8) 0.435 2 (0.3) 5 (1.1) 0.112 3 (0.7) 4 (1.0) 0.723
Renal failure 7 (0.8) 6 (1.2) 0.512 14 (1.8) 17 (3.6) 0.048 11 (2.7) 17 (4.3) 0.225
Ventilation > 2 d 5 (0.6) 5 (1.0) 0.515 6 (0.8) 11 (2.3) 0.021 6 (1.5) 12 (3.0) 0.139
ICU-stay ≥5 d 5 (0.6) 4 (0.8) 0.735 6 (0.8) 15 (3.2) 0.001 4 (1.0) 21 (5.3) 0.000
Hospital Stay ≥10 d 22 (2.6) 13 (2.6) 0.975 18 (2.3) 38 (8.0) 0.000 16 (3.9) 51 (12.8) 0.000
Hospital mortality 0 2 (0.4) 0.140 1 (0.1) 4 (0.8) 0.071 4 (1.0) 8 (2.0) 0.229
  1. DPA decreased Physical Activity, PCR postoperative complicated recovery, ICU intensive care unit