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Table 3 The prevalence of symptoms in MHD Patients

From: Poor sleep and reduced quality of life were associated with symptom distress in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis

Symptom Number of patients reported the symptom Percentage of patients reported the symptom Severitya
Dry skin 242 80.4 (2.79 ± 1.24)
Itching 234 77.7 (3.41 ± 1.53)
Difficulty asleep 229 76.1 (2.70 ± 1.27)
Feel tired or lack of energy 223 74.1 (2.47 ± 1.16)
Trouble falling asleep 206 68.4 (2.57 ± 1.36)
Decrease interest in sex 201 66.8 (2.83 ± 1.57)
Dry mouth 199 66.1 (2.28 ± 1.14)
Difficulty becoming sexually aroused 195 64.8 (2.79 ± 1.60)
Difficulty concentrating 176 58.5 (2.09 ± 1.12)
Bone or joint pain 173 57.5 (2.24 ± 1.28)
Feeling irritable 173 57.5 (2.09 ± 1.18)
Worrying 172 57.1 (2.10 ± 1.16)
Muscle Soreness 161 53.5 (2.02 ± 1.13)
Cough 154 51.2 (1.89 ± 1.03)
Feeling anxious 152 50.5 (1.96 ± 1.16)
Muscle cramps 145 48.2 (1.78 ± 0.96)
Feeling sad 145 48.2 (1.93 ± 1.18)
Headache 144 47.8 (1.83 ± 1.01)
Lightheadedness or dizziness 143 47.5 (1.74 ± 0.92)
Feeling nervous 139 46.2 (1.86 ± 1.11)
Decreased appetite 130 43.2 (1.72 ± 0.94)
Constipation 128 42.5 (1.82 ± 1.11)
Shortness of breath 122 40.5 (1.71 ± 0.97)
Numbness or tingling in feet 117 38.9 (1.72 ± 1.07)
Nausea 106 35.2 (1.52 ± 0.80)
Restless legs/difficulty keeping legs still 95 31.6 (1.57 ± 0.97)
Swelling in legs 94 31.2 (1.51 ± 0.86)
Chest pain 87 28.9 (1.49 ± 0.87)
Vomiting 73 24.3 (1.36 ± 0.71)
Diarrhea 70 23.3 (1.38 ± 0.76)
  1. aBased on the five-point Likert scale: 0 “not at all bothersome” to 4 “bothers very much.”