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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: The impact of type 2 diabetes on health related quality of life in Bangladesh: results from a matched study comparing treated cases with non-diabetic controls

Variables Diabetic subjects (n = 591) Non-diabetic subjects (n = 591) p-value
Demographics
Age; mean [SD] 51.3 [11.6] 49.5 [11.1] 0.0043*
Sex    1.000
 Male; n (%) 255 (43.1) 255 (43.1)  
 Female; n (%) 336 (56.9) 336 (56.9)  
BMI; mean [SD] 26.4 [3.9] 26.0 [7.0] 0.217*
 Normal-underweight; n (%) 229 (38.7) 253 (42.8)  
 Overweight; n (%) 274 (46.4) 271 (45.9)  
 Obese; n (%) 88 (14.9) 67 (11.3)  
Education years; mean [SD] 7.8 [5.3] 9.1 [5.2] <.0001*
 No education; n (%) 116 (19.6) 76 (12.9)  
 Primary education; n (%) 103 (17.4) 96 (16.2)  
 Secondary education; n (%) 190 (32.2) 178 (30.1)  
 Higher secondary and above; n (%) 182 (30.8) 241 (40.8)  
Income taka; mean [SD] 16605 [17096] 16629 [18825] 0.9827 *
Married; n (%) 476 (80.5) 517 (87.5) 0.0011**
Unemployed/retired; n (%) 91 (15.4) 49 (8.3) 0.0002 **
Cigarette smoking; n (%) 114 (19.3) 144 (24.4) 0.0346 **
Chronic conditions
 Cardiovascular disease; n (%) 59 (10.0) 20 (3.4) <.0001**
 Kidney disease; n (%) 53 (9.0) 14 (2.4) <.0001**
 Neurological disease; n (%) 35 (6.0) 11 (1.9) 0.0003**
 Eye disease; n (%) 355 (60.1) 225 (38.1) <.0001**
 Foot ulcer; n (%) 20 (3.4) 0 (0.0) <0.001**
Number of complications;   - <0.001**
 0; n (%) 191 (32.3) 352 (59.6)  
 1; n (%) 298 (50.4) −212 (35.9)  
  > 1; n (%) 102 (17.3) −27 (4.6)  
Diabetes duration; mean [SD] 7.7 [7.2] -  
  < 5 years; n (%) 252 (42.6) -  
 5–10 years; n (%) 148 (25.1) -  
  > 10 years; n (%) 191 (32.3) -  
  1. *p-values from t-test; **p-values from Chi-square test