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Table 3 PedsQL total health score, parent report at each follow-up pointa,*

From: A longitudinal study on quality of life after injury in children

  Baseline One Month Four Months Twelve Months
n mean sd n mean sd n mean sd n mean sd
Sex   p = 0.31   p = 0.82   p = 0.47   p = 0.44
 Male 127 90.2 9.2 113 77.6 17.5 106 89.9 9.7 103 90.8 9.8
 Female 77 91.5 8.3 72 78.2 18.6 63 91 9.6 58 92.1 9.5
Age Category   p = 0.58   p  = 0.005   p  = 0.003   p = 0.22
 0 - 5 84 91.3 8.5 74 82.8 16.0 65 92.4 7.9 62 92.2 9.6
 6 -10 66 89.8 9.5 63 73.0 18.7 52 86.6 11.4 46 89.6 10.7
 11-16 54 90.7 8.8 48 76.5 17.9 41 91.3 8.5 41 92.9 7.2
Hospitalization Status   p = 0.77   p  < 0.001   p = 0.71   p = 0.82
 ED 144 90.5 8.9 132 82.6 14.8 126 90.2 10.1 113 91.4 9.2
 Hospitalized 60 90.9 8.9 53 65.9 19.6 43 90.8 8.4 48 91 10.8
PaedCTAS   p = 0.15   p  < 0.001   p = 0.72   p = 0.87
 1 (resuscitation required) 11 85.4 12.4 10 65.8 17 9 88 9.4 7 90.7 12
 2 38 91.1 8.6 33 68.2 19.9 30 90.1 8.5 33 91 9.1
 3 43 91.7 8.2 40 78 18.3 34 89.8 9.2 34 92.2 8.7
 4 104 90.3 8.9 94 82 15.9 90 90.5 10.5 79 91.3 9.7
 5 (non-urgent) 8 95.2 4.3 8 82 11.8 6 95 4.8 8 88.1 14.3
Income Quintile   p = 0.12   p = 0.16   p = 0.44   p = 0.27
 1 (lowest income quintile) 25 90.2 9.5 21 73.9 21.1 18 89 9.9 13 93 9.3
 2 25 88.3 11.7 23 74.8 18.6 20 87.4 10.2 18 88.2 10.6
 3 43 93 6.9 38 83.9 17.6 37 92.3 9.6 38 92.6 10.9
 4 39 88.6 9.4 35 75.6 17.5 31 90.8 10.8 33 89.1 10.8
 5 (highest income quintile) 72 91.4 8.1 68 77.8 16.5 63 90.2 8.9 59 92.2 7.6
Injury   p = 0.89   p  < 0.001   p = 0.99   p = 0.95
 Head injury 18 91.4 6.7 17 89.3 8.2 15 91.4 6.4 12 93.6 5.9
 Lower extremity fracture 25 92.9 9.2 22 58.6 19.9 16 88.7 9.4 15 90.2 10.2
 Major trauma 16 89.0 11.6 15 65.5 21.2 13 90.0 9.8 13 90.0 11.2
 Minor external injury 77 90.8 9.4 67 84.8 15.3 60 89.2 11.6 57 91.3 10.9
 Upper extremity fracture 49 89.6 8.5 46 77.9 12.2 41 91.5 8.8 41 92.6 7.3
 Other* 16 90.7 6.9 15 74.8 16.9 11 90.6 5.9 10 92.0 9.1
  1. aVariable ranges from 0-100 with 100 representing perfect health; minimal clinically important difference is a 4 point change
  2. *P values for differences in mean PedsQL scores across variables (within time points) from bivariable linear regression, < 0.001 considered significant with Bonferroni correction