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Table 1 Basic characteristics of studied patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (n = 64)

From: Quality of life, depression and dietary intake in Obstructive Sleep Apnea patients

Analyzed variables Males Females p-value
Number 59.4 (38) 40.6(26)  
Age (year) 60.3 ± 9.1 53 ± 12.1 0.01
Alcohol drinks consumption (g/day) 65.5 ± 46.4 63.5 ± 37.6 0.85
BMI (kg/m2) 31.3 ± 6.7 32.6 ± 5.5 0.38
Smokers (%) 66.36 (4) 63.64 (7) 0.99e
Education (%)    
 Primary school 15.4 (4) 15.8 (6) 0.28
 Highschool 65.4 (17) 47.4 (18)
 University degree 19.2 (5) 36.8 ( 14)
Marital Status (%)    
 Single 7.7 (2) 15.8 (6) 0.04e
 Married 69.2 (18) 76.3 (29)
 Divorced 23.1 (6) 2.6 (1)
 Widowed 0 (0) 5.3 (2)
Financial Status (%)    
 Poor 11.5 (3) 15.8 (6) 0.42e
 Good 84.6 (22) 71.1 (27)
 Very good 3.9 (1) 13.2 (5)
 AHI (events per hours)a 25.1 ± 25.7 25.4 ± 19.7 0.95
 ODI (events per hours)b 26 ± 25.1 24.8 ± 20.2 0.85
Sleep architecture
NREM Phase (%)c
 Stage of sleep N1 12.6 ± 12.8 14.1 ± 12.8 0.65
 Stage of sleep N2 16.5 ± 9.3 16.8 ± 11.1 0.92
 Stage of sleep N3 34.1 ± 10.9 30.5 ± 12 0.22
REM Phase (%)d
 Stage of sleep R 24.7 ± 12.2 23.7 ± 13.9 0.77
  1. Data shown as: mean ± SD or % (number)
  2. aAHI -Apnea/Hypopnea Index classification: normal (<5.0), mild (5.0–14.9), moderate (15.0–29.9), and severe (≥30.0 events per hour), bODI- oxygen desaturation index, cNREM- no rapid eye movement dREM-rapid eye movement expressed as percentage of total sleep, eFisher’s exact test